International Campaign to Ban Landmines

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The International Campaign to Ban Landmines is a non-profit organization whose goal is to create an international ban on the use of landmines.[1] The organization was awarded the 1997 Nobel Peace Prize.[2]

Rationale

Landmines can be detonated by anyone: civilians, soldiers, or even children. They outlast the conflicts and can maim long after the war is over. They are difficult to detect and defuse, often laying dormant for years after a conflict.[3]

Member Nations

157 nations have signed the 1997 Mine Ban Treaty.[4] 38 states have not. The United States and Finland are the only Western nations that have not signed.[5].

References

  1. The International Campaign to Ban Landmines http://www.icbl.org/
  2. Nobel Peace Prize
  3. ICBL: The Problem http://www.icbl.org/problem/what
  4. Member States http://www.icbl.org/treaty/members
  5. Non-member states http://www.icbl.org/treaty/snp
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