Iodine

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Iodine
Name Iodine
Symbol I
Atomic number 53
Atomic mass 126.90447 amu
Normal state Solid
Classification Halogen
Crystal structure Orthorhombic
Density 4.93 g/cm^3
Color Extremely dark purple
Number of Stable Isotopes 1
Date of discovery 1811
Name of discoverer Barnard Courtois
Name origin Greek 'iodes', violet
Uses Pharmaceuticals, food supplements, dyes, catalysts.
Obtained from Brine, seaweed.


Iodine (Pronounced eye-o-dyne or eye-o-dean) is a chemical element. A trace element, it is required by humans for the synthesis of the thyroid hormone thyroxin. [1] People who do not get enough iodine in their diet can suffer from goiter, a disease of the thyroid. This is rarely a problem; but to make sure, iodine is often added to salt ("iodized salt".)

Iodine is a solid which sublimes at room temperature—it slowly evaporates directly into the gaseous vapor phase, without going through a liquid phase.

It was discovered by accident in 1811, while Barnard Courtois was treating seaweed ash (which contains a significant amount of iodine) with sulfuric acid.

For a long time a substance called "iodine" has been used as a household treatment/disinfectant for cuts and scrapes. That is actually tincture of iodine, a dilute solution of potassium iodide in alcohol.

References

  1. http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/infocenter/minerals/iodine/
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