See the Iowa caucuses for the political event.
|Nickname||The Hawkeye State|
|Governor||Terry Branstad, R|
|Senator||Chuck Grassley, R |
|Senator||Tom Harkin, D |
|Ratification of Constitution/or statehood||December 28, 1846 (29th)|
|Motto: "Our Liberties We Prize and Our Rights We Will Maintain"|
Iowa is located in the Midwestern region of the United States and on December 28, 1846 became the twenty-ninth state to enter into the union. During the American Civil War, Iowa supported the United States. The capital of Iowa is Des Moines, which is also its largest city. The current governor of Iowa is Terry Branstad (Republican).
On Wednesday, Feb. 27, 2002, the Iowa legislature passed an 'English-Only' bill with the effect of making English the state's only official language. The names of Des Moines, Dubuque, and Cerro Gordo counties were unaffected.
Iowa was the first Midwestern state to legalize same-sex marriage. It was not by legislation, but through judicial activism. On April 3, 2009, in a unanimous decision, the Iowa state supreme court overturned a 10-year-old ban on same-sex marriage. The decision states, "“This approach does not disrespect or denigrate the religious views of many Iowans who may strongly believe in marriage as a dual-gender union, but considers, as we must, only the constitutional rights of all people, as expressed by the promise of equal protection for all.” The only way to overturn this decision is through an amendment to the state constitution, which would not be possible until 2012 at the earliest.
- Sen. Chuck Grassley (R)
- Sen. Joni Ernst (R)
- Rep. Rod Blum [R, IA-1]
- Rep. David Loebsack [D, IA-2]
- Rep. David Young [R, IA-3]
- Rep. Steve King [R, IA-4]
- Governor Terry Branstad (R)
- Lt. Governor Kim Reynolds (R)
- Secretary of State Matt Schultz (R)
- State Auditor David Vaudt (R)
- Agriculture Secretary Bill Northey (R)
- State Treasurer Michael Fitzgerald (D)
- Attorney General Tom Miller (D)
- Iowans dismiss three justices
- The Des Moines Register, Unanimous ruling: Iowa marriage no longer limited to one man, one woman, by JEFF ECKHOFF and GRANT SCHULTE, April 3, 2009