James Garfield

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James Garfield
James Garfield by Curtis.jpg
20th President of the United States
Term of office
March 4, 1881 - September 19, 1881 [1]
Political party Republican
Vice President Chester A. Arthur
Preceded by Rutherford B. Hayes
Succeeded by Chester A. Arthur
Born November 19, 1831
Moreland Hills, Ohio
Died September 19, 1881
Elberon, New Jersey
Spouse Lucretia Rudolph Garfield
Religion Church of Christ

James Abram Garfield [2] (1831-1881) was the 20th President of the United States of America, serving less than a year in office. He was assassinated by a deranged gunman, Charles Julius Guiteau, who may have sought to make the Vice President, Chester Arthur, the next President. Garfield was the only president to serve as a clergyman while in the White House.[3]

Garfield suffered for weeks from the lodging of the bullet inside him, first in the White House and then at a New Jersey seaside location. Alexander Graham Bell, inventor of the telephone, attempted to find the internal bullet with his own invention, an induction-balance electrical device. All attempts at removing the bullet were unsuccessful, and Garfield died on September 19, 1881 from an infection and internal hemorrhage.[4] He served as President for six months and fifteeen days


References

  1. http://www.ipl.org/div/potus/jagarfield.html
  2. http://www.ipl.org/div/potus/jagarfield.html
  3. http://www.kencollins.com/about/about.htm
  4. http://www.whitehouse.gov/history/presidents/jg20.html


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