James Abbott McNeill Whistler ( Lowell, Massachusetts 1834 - London 1903) American painter and printmaker. He achieved notoriety with Symphony No. 1, The White Girl. In 1865 he painted at Trouville with Gustave Courbet, Daubigny, and Claude Monet.
In 1891, Arrangement in Grey and Black No 1: The Artist’s Mother was acquired by the French State and that same year Glasgow Corporation paid a thousand guineas for the Portrait of Thomas Carlyle . Having exhibited at several important international exhibitions, Whistler was awarded honors by Munich, Amsterdam and Paris. Ref: 
His credo was "art for art's sake".
Whistler was a precursor of abstract art.
- Biography Olga's Gallery.
- James Abbott McNeill Whistler Carnegie Museum of Art.
- James Whistler WebMuseum, Paris.
- Portrait of Thomas Carlyle Exhibition at the Scottish National Portrait Gallery.