Jehoahaz II

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This article is about the second king by this name of the Southern Kingdom. For the three other kings known by this name, see Jehoahaz (disambiguation)

Jehoahaz II (Hebrew יהורםאחז YHWH has held), or Shallum (633-r. 610-d. aft. 610 BC according to Ussher[1], or 632-r. 609-d. aft. 609 BC according to Thiele[2]), was the sixteenth king of the Southern Kingdom of Israel and the first of its kings to die in exile.[3] (King Hoshea of the Northern Kingdom also died in exile.)

Contents

Life and Family

His birth name was Shallum,[4] but his father changed it to Jehoahaz later in his life. Why Josiah so acted, the Bible does not say. Perhaps Josiah did this after reading the full history of the Shallum of the Northern Kingdom, who was a regicide and who died at the hand of still another regicide (Menahem).

He was born in the eighteenth year of his father's reign. His mother was Hamutal.[5] He had three known brothers.[4] The first-born, Johanan[6], bears little distinction. Another, Jehoiakim, was his half-brother by Zebudah and was in fact two years older than he. His third, full brother was Zedekiah.

Accession

He acceded to the throne of the Southern Kingdom after his father died in battle against Pharaoh Necho II of Egypt.[7][8] Ussher says that the people of the kingdom acclaimed him in order to have a king in the land, in fear of an invasion by Necho. Why the people acclaimed him instead of his older brother, again the Bible does not say.[9][10]

Shortly after Jehoahaz came to the throne, the prophet Jeremiah came to call on him, and warned him that God was angry with the kings of the Southern Kingdom and the he, Jehoahaz, would be taken prisoner and deported to Egypt and would never see his native land again.[11][12]

Reign, Exile, and Succession

Jehoahaz reigned only three months, and seems not to have listened to Jeremiah. He practiced all of the idolatrous evils that many of his forbears (Manasseh, Ahaz, and others) had practiced.[13][14][15][16][10]

Then Necho returned from his apparently successful action at Carchemish and apparently exacted a severe punishment for all the trouble that Josiah had caused him. He exacted a tribute of one hundred silver talents and one gold talent. He removed Jehohaz from his throne and made him his prisoner. Then he placed his older brother Jehoiakim on the throne instead of him.[17][18][19][20][21][22]

Jehoahaz was forcibly removed to Egypt, and there he eventually died.

References

  1. James Ussher, The Annals of the World, Larry Pierce, ed., Green Forest, AR: Master Books, 2003 (ISBN 0890513600), pghh. 732, 760-761
  2. Leon J. Wood, A Survey of Israel's History, rev. ed. David O'Brien, Grand Rapids, MI: Academie Books, 1986 (ISBN 031034770X), p. 315
  3. Jehoahaz of Judah by Wikipedia
  4. 4.0 4.1 I_Chronicles 3:15 (KJV)
  5. II_Kings 24:31 (KJV)
  6. Ussher, op. cit., pgh. 732
  7. II_Kings 24:29-30 (KJV)
  8. II_Chronicles 25:23-24 (KJV)
  9. II_Chronicles 36:1 (KJV)
  10. 10.0 10.1 Ussher, op. cit., pgh. 760
  11. Jeremiah 22:1-2,10-12 (KJV)
  12. Ussher, op. cit., pgh. 762
  13. II_Kings 24:32 (KJV)
  14. II_Chronicles 36:2 (KJV)
  15. David Holt Boshert, Jr., and David Ettinger, Jehoahaz King of Judah, Christ-Centered Mall. Retrieved April 10, 2007
  16. Jehoahaz at the WebBible Encyclopedia
  17. II_Kings 24:33-34 (KJV)
  18. II_Chronicles 36:3-4 (KJV)
  19. Ussher, op. cit., pgh. 761
  20. Jehoahaz in the Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed., Columbia University Press, 2000. Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  21. George Konig, Jehoahaz, King of Judah, AboutBibleProphecy.com, 2007. Retrieved April 10, 2007.
  22. Dennis Bratcher, The Rise of Babylon and Exile (640-538 BC), 2006. Retrieved April 10, 2007.

See Also

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