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James "Jim" Arthur Lovell, Junior was born March 25, 1928, and is a former NASA Astronaut, Test Pilot, and Captain USN (Ret.). Lovell is most famous for Commanding Apollo 13, a successful failure in that the mission did not land on the moon, but would return the astronauts safely to earth but was also the command module pilot of Apollo 8, the first manned mission to orbit the moon, Gemini 12 and Gemini 7. Lovell has spent 29days, 19hours in space. Lovell is a recipient of the Congressional Space Medal of Honor and the Presidential Medal of Freedom.
Along with Jeffrey Kluger, Lovell wrote a book on the Apollo 13 mission, Lost Moon: The Perilous Voyage of Apollo 13. This book would be the basis for the Ron Howard movie Apollo 13 starring Tom Hanks as Lovell.