Jiu-jitsu

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Jujutsu ( 柔術; jujutsu, "Gentle art") is a Japanese martial art and origin of Judo.

Names

In the first half of the 20th century, the words jiu-jitsu and ju-jitsu were used incorrectly because the early translators didn't know how to accurately translate Kanji. In many countries Ju-jitsu is still used because of the continuation of the misunderstanding. Ju-Jitsu in France, Canada, Mexico and the United States and Jiu-Jitsu in Germany and Brazil.

The term "jujutsu" was coined in the 17th century. Before that, it was called taijutsu ("physical skill"), yawara ("softness"), wajutsu ("harmonious art"), and even Judo, which dates as early as 1724, nearly almost 200 years before Jigoro Kano created Kodokan Judo.

Origin

This martial art was created by Samurai in feudal Japan for fighting at close range with or without a weapon. Over time, the civilians eventually adapted jujutsu and created many different styles (ryu). Those styles often emphasized different points in the skill, such as striking, grappling, and locks.

Jujutsu styles

  • Takenouchi-ryu
  • Shinto Yoshin-ryu
  • Shinshin-ryu
  • Kyoshin-ryu
  • Kito-ryu
  • Yoshin-ryu
  • Tenjin Shinyo-ryu
  • Sekiguchi-ryu
  • Araki-ryu


Techinques

Jujutsu is not solely an unarmed grappling art. Throws, pinning techniques, jointlocks, chokes, and defenses are its basics. It also in many cases teaches the use of weapons like; Katana,Tango,Jo,Naginata. Often, jujutsu has striking techniques which make use of the body's vital points. More dangerous skills such as biting, gouging, and scraping are fairly common in some jujutsu styles.

Judo takes its techniques from Tenjin Shinyo-ryu, Yoshin-ryu, Kito-ryu, Fusen-ryu, Kyushin-ryu, Shinshin-ryu just to name a few but the more dangerious techniques (i.e. biting, gouging, wrist locks,elbow locks, leg lock) were removed.

See Also

References