He served as the mayor of North Miami, Florida from 2001 to 2005. A Republican, he was elected the city's first black mayor. After he reached the end of his term limits, he was succeeded by Kevin Burns.
- Canedy, Dana (May 19, 2001). PUBLIC LIVES; Away From Haiti, Discovering the Politics of the Possible. New York Times
- Henderson, Tim (May 22, 2005). Janet Reno will swear in mayor. Miami Herald