John Connally

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John Bowden Connally, Jr.


61st United States
Secretary of the Treasury
In office
February 11, 1971 – June 12, 1972
President Richard Nixon
Preceded by David M. Kennedy
Succeeded by George Shultz

39th Governor of Texas
In office
January 15, 1963 – January 21, 1969
Preceded by Price Daniel
Succeeded by Preston Smith

In office
January 25, 1961 – December 20, 1961
President John F. Kennedy
Preceded by William B. Franke
Succeeded by Fred Korth

Born February 27, 1917
Floresville
Wilson County, Texas
Died June 15, 1993
Houston, Texas
Resting place Texas State Cemetery at Austin
Political party Democrat-turned-Republican (1973)
Spouse(s) Nellie Brill Connally (married 1940-1993, his death)
Relations Actor Merrill Connally

State Senator Wayne Connally (brothers)

Children Four children
Alma mater University of Texas at Austin

UT School of Law

Occupation Lawyer; businessman

United States Navy in World War II

John Bowden Connally, Jr. (February 27, 1917 – June 15, 1993), was both a Democrat and Republican politician who served as governor of his native Texas from 1963 to 1969. He served in the Cabinet of both John F. Kennedy and Richard M. Nixon but was personally closest to Lyndon B. Johnson.

Connally was commissioned in the United States Navy Reserve in 1941, where he went through nine major air-sea battles in the Pacific. In April 1945 he endured fifty-two consecutive hours of Japanese kamikaze attacks. He was credited as a hero and rose to the rank of lieutenant commander. He returned home to work in politics and worked for Lyndon B. Johnson's 1946 reelection campaign to Congress and his 1948 Senatorial Campaign. There where allegations that Connally had been involved in voter fraud after a suspicious late report of 200 votes in Box 13 from Jim Wells County came in for Johnson, resulting in his 87-vote victory.

In 1961 Connally served as secretary of the navy under President John F. Kennedy. He was elected Governor of Texas the next year. In 1963 he suffered serious gunshot wounds while riding in President Kennedy's car during his assassination, however recovered quickly. Connally was easily reelected Governor in 1964 and 1966.

Although a Democrat, he called himself "a conservative who believed in active government." And in 1971, he became Richard Nixon's Secretary of the Treasury. In 1972, he vacated the treasury secretary's position to organize the political action committee "Democrats for Nixon" to support President Nixon's reelection. Connally switched political parties from the Democrat to Republican in 1973. He briefly tested the presidential waters in 1980, but failed to win the Republican Party nomination (He received only one delegate.) in part because of a "wheeler-dealer" image from the media. After the 1980 primary, he left politics and returned to private life.

The Connally Memorial Hospital in his native Floresville is named for the Connally family.

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