Juan Perón (1895-1974) was the brutal dictator of Argentina from 1946 to 1955 and from 1973 to 1974. As head of an army group, he helped to overthrow Ramon Castillo in 1943. During his first Presidency, he was married to Eva Perón, the subject of the musical Evita, who was very popular with the people. She died in 1952.
Peron was very anti-American and hat close ties to Nazi Germany. He was excommunicated from Catholic Church in case of his anti-Christian laws. Peron legalized divorce and Prostitution and he banned religious instruction in public schools.
Church and army opposition to corruption and repression forced Perón into exile in 1955, but he returned in 1973 to serve briefly as President once again. Upon his death, he was succeeded by his third wife, Isabel.
He was a member of the Justicialist Party.
The New American Desk Encyclopedia, Penguin Group, 1989