Kingdom of Great Britain
- This article is about the historic state. For the present-day state, see United Kingdom. In historical work the country is called Britain or Great Britain.
The United Kingdom of Great Britain was a state in Europe, located on the island of the same name, formed by the Act of Union between the parliaments of the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland in 1707. Before this date the two Kingdoms remained politically independent but shared a single monarch from the accession of King James VI, King of Scots in March 1603.
In 1801 the Kingdom of Ireland was merged with that of Great Britain to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. In 1922 the name became "United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland."
The term "British subject" means about the same as "British citizen," but technically the term is still "subject."
Britain owned and controlled the British Empire, but residents of the Empire were not usually given British passports.
- British for explanation of usage