L.M. Montgomery

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Biography

L.M. Montgomery

Best known for her novel Anne of Green Gables, Lucy Maud Montgomery was born in Clifton (now New London) in Prince Edward Island, on November 30, 1874. Lucy's mother, Clara Woolner Macneill Montgomery, died of tuberculosis when Lucy was only 21 months old. Lucy's father, Hugh John Montgomery, left the province after his wife's death and lived in the western territories of Canada. Lucy was then sent to live with her strict maternal grandparents, Alexander Marquis Macneill and Lucy Woolner Macneill, in the community of Cavendish. In 1890 Lucy was sent to live in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan with her father and stepmother. After one year, she went back to live with her grandparents.

In 1893, Lucy went to Prince of Wales College in Charlottetown after completing her grade school education in Cavendish. In 1895 and 1896 she studied literature at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.

After teaching at various schools, in 1898 Lucy moved back to Cavendish to live with her widowed grandmother. For a short time she worked and lived in Halifax for newspapers Chronicle and Echo, but in 1902 moved back in with her grandmother to care for her. There, in 1908, she wrote and published her first book, Anne of Green Gables. After her grandmother's death three years later, Lucy married Ewan Macdonald (1870-1943), a Presbyterian minister. They then moved to Ontario.

Lucy and Ewan had three sons, Chester Cameron Maconald (1912-1964), Stuart Mcdonald (1915-1982), and Hugh Alexander, who died at birth in 1914.

Lucy wrote her next 11 books living in the Leaskdale manse, now the Lucy Maud Montgomery Leaskdale Manse Museum. In 1926 the family moved to the Norval Presbyterian charge.

In 1942, Lucy Maud Montgomery died in Toronto. She was buried at Cavendish Community Cemetery in Cavendish.

Over the course of her lifetime, L.M. Montgomery wrote twenty-three books of fiction, one poetry book, a book on courageous women, an autobiography, a life's worth of journals (5,000 pages), 450 poems, and over five hundred short stories.

Novels

Year Written Title
1908 Anne of Green Gables
1909 Anne of Avonlea
1910 Kilmeny of the Orchard
1911 The Story Girl
1913 The Golden Road
1915 Anne of the Island
1917 Anne's House of Dreams
1919 Rainbow Valley
1921 Rilla of Ingleside
1923 Emily of New Moon
1925 Emily Climbs
1926 The Blue Castle
1927 Emily's Quest
1929 Magic for Marigold
1931 A Tangled Web
1932 Pat of Silver Web
1935 Mistress Pat
1936 Anne of Windy Poplars
1937 Jane of Lantern Hill
1939 Anne of Ingleside

Short Story Collections

Year Written Title
1912 Chronicles of Avonlea
1920 Further Chronicles of Avonlea
1974 The Road to Yesterday
1979 The Doctor's Sweetheart
1988 Akin to Anne: Tales of Other Orphans
1989 Along the Shore: Tales by the Sea
1990 Among the Shadows: Tales from the Darker Side
1991 After Many Days: Tales of Time Passed
1993 Against the Odds: Tales of Achievement
1994 At the Altar: Matrimonial Tales
1995 Across the Miles: Tales of Correspondence
1995 Christmas with Anne and Other Holiday Stories

Poetry

Year Written Title
1916 The Watchmen & Other Poems
1887 The Poetry of Lucy Maud Montgomery

Non-fiction

Year Written Title
1934 Courageous Women (With Marian Keith and Mabel Burns McKinley

Autobiography

Year Written Title
1917 The Alpine Path: The Story of My Career
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