Best known for her novel Anne of Green Gables, Lucy Maud Montgomery was born in Clifton (now New London) in Prince Edward Island, on November 30, 1874. Lucy's mother, Clara Woolner Macneill Montgomery, died of tuberculosis when Lucy was only 21 months old. Lucy's father, Hugh John Montgomery, left the province after his wife's death and lived in the western territories of Canada. Lucy was then sent to live with her strict maternal grandparents, Alexander Marquis Macneill and Lucy Woolner Macneill, in the community of Cavendish. In 1890 Lucy was sent to live in Prince Albert, Saskatchewan with her father and stepmother. After one year, she went back to live with her grandparents.
In 1893, Lucy went to Prince of Wales College in Charlottetown after completing her grade school education in Cavendish. In 1895 and 1896 she studied literature at Dalhousie University in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
After teaching at various schools, in 1898 Lucy moved back to Cavendish to live with her widowed grandmother. For a short time she worked and lived in Halifax for newspapers Chronicle and Echo, but in 1902 moved back in with her grandmother to care for her. There, in 1908, she wrote and published her first book, Anne of Green Gables. After her grandmother's death three years later, Lucy married Ewan Macdonald (1870-1943), a Presbyterian minister. They then moved to Ontario.
Lucy and Ewan had three sons, Chester Cameron Maconald (1912-1964), Stuart Mcdonald (1915-1982), and Hugh Alexander, who died at birth in 1914.
Lucy wrote her next 11 books living in the Leaskdale manse, now the Lucy Maud Montgomery Leaskdale Manse Museum. In 1926 the family moved to the Norval Presbyterian charge.
In 1942, Lucy Maud Montgomery died in Toronto. She was buried at Cavendish Community Cemetery in Cavendish.
Over the course of her lifetime, L.M. Montgomery wrote twenty-three books of fiction, one poetry book, a book on courageous women, an autobiography, a life's worth of journals (5,000 pages), 450 poems, and over five hundred short stories.
Short Story Collections