Langdon Cheves

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Langdon Cheves
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Date of birth17 September 1776
BirthplaceBulltown Fort, South Carolina
Date of death26 June 1857

Langdon Cheves was a Representative from South Carolina. He born in Bulltown Fort, near Rocky River, Ninety-sixth District (now Abbeville County), S.C., where the settlers had taken refuge from the onslaught of the Cherokee Indians

  • received his early education at his home and Andrew Weed’s School near Abbeville, S.C.
  • Joined his father in Charleston, S.C., in 1786 and continued his schooling in that city
  • Studied law
  • Was admitted to the bar October 14, 1797, and commenced practice in Charleston
  • City alderman in 1802
  • Member of the State house of representatives 1802-1804 and 1806-1808
  • Elected attorney general of the State in 1808
  • Elected as a Republican to the Eleventh Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Robert Marion, having previously been elected to the Twelfth Congress
  • Reelected to the Thirteenth Congress, and served from December 31, 1810, to March 3, 1815
  • Succeeded Henry Clay as Speaker of the House of Representatives during the second session of the Thirteenth Congress
  • Chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Twelfth Congress), Committee on the Naval Establishment (Twelfth Congress)
  • Declined to be a candidate for reelection in 1814 to the Fourteenth Congress and also the position of Secretary of the Treasury tendered by President Madison
  • Resumed the practice of law
  • Elected associate justice of law and appeal in December 1816
  • Resigned in 1819
  • Declined to accept an appointment as Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
  • Elected president of the Bank of the United States March 6, 1819, and held this office until 1822, when he resigned
  • Chief commissioner of claims under the treaty of Ghent
  • Resided in Philadelphia and Washington 1819-1826 and in Lancaster, Pa., 1826-1829
  • Returned to South Carolina in 1829
  • Engaged extensively in the cultivation of rice in South Carolina and Georgia
  • Tendered an appointment by the Governor of South Carolina to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John C. Calhoun, but declined
  • Delegate to the Southern convention at Nashville, Tenn., in 1850 and to the State convention at Columbia, S.C., in 1852
  • Died in Columbia, S.C., June 26, 1857
  • Interment in Magnolia Cemetery, Charleston, S.C.

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