Laredo, a city in south Texas located on the Mexican border, has a population of 235,000. It is the seat of Webb County. Laredo is heavily Hispanic in ethnicity and Democratic in political orientation. It has voted for the Democratic presidential nominee without exception apparently since the victory of Woodrow Wilson in 1912.
Laredo was founded in 1755 by Don Thomas Sanchez. One of Sanchez's descendants, the Latino sculptor Armando Hinojosa, designed the Tejano Monument, located on the capitol grounds in Austin. The monument, unveiled in March 2012, honors the contributions of Hispanics to the history and culture of Texas.
From 1954 to 1978, the municipal mayor was J. C. Martin, Jr., known as "el patron", a regional political boss who performed small favors for constitutents in return for being maintained in office. Facing legal problems, Martin did not run in 1978 and was succeeded by the "reformer", Aldo Tatangelo, a native of Rhode Island. In 1982, Laredo vacated the mayor-council form of municipal government and switched to council-manager.