Law and Justice
|Law and Justice|
|Party leader||Jarosław Kaczyński|
|Political ideology|| Conservatism|
|International affiliation||Alliance of Conservatives and Reformists in Europe|
|Color(s)||red and blue|
Law and Justice (Polish: Prawo i Sprawiedliwość, PiS) is a polish conservative and moderately Euroskeptic party, founded on June 13, 2001 by twin brothers Lech Kaczyński and Jarosław Kaczyński. The party was founded on the wave of popularity gained by Lech Kaczyński during his tenure as a Justice minister in Polish government from July 2000 to June 2001.
Law and Justice is a conservative party and is widely considered as the main force of the Polish right-wing. It opposes legalizing abortion, homosexual "marriage" and supports restoring the Polish death penalty.[Citation Needed] Law and Justice also highly supports progressive tax, nationalization of some corporations, universal state-owned healthcare and the concept of "social justice". It opposes privatization which it considers to be "stealing of national property" and usually justifies increasing economic regulation as fighting potential corruption.
The PiS has attempted to de-communize Poland's judiciary.
Law and Justice won the 2005 parliamentary election. It created a coalition government with the national conservative League of Polish Families and the populist left-wing Self-Defence of the Republic of Poland. The coalition fell in 2007 in the result of allegations of corruption on the part of Andrzej Lepper, leader of Self-Defence and Deputy Prime Minister. The Sejm voted its own dissolution, and early elections were held in October 2007.
In 2006, League of Polish Families proposed to amend the Polish constitution to protect life from the moment of conception. Initially, Law and Justice supported the amendment, but then the text of the amendment was changed so that it would only claim that "human dignity is inherent from the moment of conception". After the amended bill was rejected by the Sejm, Marshal of the Sejm (speaker) Marek Jurek resigned from the office, left Law and Justice and created a new right-wing party called Right of the Republic, which is supported by less than 1% of voters (only 0,24% in 2011 election). In 2007, some of Law and Justice leaders, including Jarosław Kaczyński, stated that they are against tightening of abortion law, which means they support so-called "compromise" which allows abortion when the women's life or health is threatened, when pregnancy is a result of rape or incest and when the fetus is irreversibly damaged. Nevertheless, in 2011 Law and Justice voted in favor of totally banning abortion, but the bill was rejected anyway.
In 2011 a few prominent members were excluded from the party due to internal conflict and lack of acceptance for their ideas for reforming the party. In 2012, they founded a new party called Solidary Poland (Polish: Solidarna Polska) with Zbigniew Ziobro, former Minister of Justice, as its leader.
2015 landslide elections and aftermath
In May 2015 Polish presidential election, the conservative and Euroskeptic challenger Andrzej Duda of PiS won in an upset, defeating the pro-EU incumbent. In the October 2015 general election, PiS won in a landslide, becoming the first Polish party to win enough votes to govern the country alone since the fall of communism in 1989. This landslide election frightened Europeanist leaders and politicians. It was also the first election where no left-of-center parties sat in the Polish parliament.
The PiS went to work immediately after the elections. In March 2017, PiS Prime Minister Beata Szydło stated that "I hear in Europe very often: do not connect the migration policy with terrorism, but it is impossible not to connect them." It chose to defy the European Union on various issues, such as on reforming the nation's courts to weaken globalist influence in them and decreeing that Christian principles be a factor in their decisionmaking. A CBOS poll in September 2017 found that PiS was enjoying record popular support, and subsequent polls showed similar results.
The European Union began taking legal action against Poland in July 2017 due to its enacting, and attempted enacting, of conservative judicial reforms that went against EU ideology. However, Poland received support from the conservative Hungarian government.
- Thompson, Arthur R. (April 16, 2018). Poland's Plight. The New American. Retrieved April 16, 2018.
- Conservative Challenger Wins Polish Election, Signaling Rightward Shift. Breitbart News. May 25, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- In Polish presidential ballot, win by right-wing challenger could signal return to turbulence. Fox News (and AP). May 22, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Eurosceptics Claim Victory In Landmark Poland Election. Breitbart News. October 26, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Poland elections: Law and Justice party can govern alone. BBC. October 27, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Goettig, Marcin; Barteczko, Agnieszka (October 27, 2015). Poland's Eurosceptics win outright majority in parliament. Reuters. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Poland’s Political Course Sparks Alarm in US and Europe, With Fears of Democratic Backsliding. Breitbart News. December 23, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Gera, Vanessa (October 29, 2015). Left wing is shut out in parliamentary vote in conservative Poland. The Boston Globe. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Poland elections: Conservatives secure decisive win. BBC News. October 26, 2015. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Poland: Grass-Roots Populist Party Takes Action After Stunning Victory – Left Cries ‘Coup’. Breitbart News. November 22, 2015. Retrieved March 18, 2017.
- Montgomery, Jack (March 23, 2017). Polish Prime Minister: ‘Impossible Not to Connect Terrorism with Migration Policy’. Breitbart News. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Lane, Oliver JJ (July 21, 2017). Polish Government Slams Anti-Democratic Protests As Parliament Votes on Judicial Reform. Breitbart News. Retrieved July 22, 2017.
- Lane, Oliver JJ (September 20, 2017). Poland’s Anti Mass Migration Government Enjoys Record Popularity. Breitbart News. Retrieved September 20, 2017.
- Multiple references:
- Friedman, Victoria (February 7, 2018). Record Support for Conservative, Pro-Sovereignty Governments in Hungary, Poland. Breitbart News. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
- Hale, Virginia (March 10, 2018). Poland: Total Collapse for Pro-EU Opposition As Support for Patriotic Conservative Govt Surges. Breitbart News. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Zdrojkowski, Wojciech (July 30, 2017). European Union Takes Legal Action Against Poland… For Refusing To Do As They Are Told. Breitbart News. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- EU starts action against Poland over judiciary reforms. Reuters. July 29, 2017. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- Multiple references:
- Montgomery, Jack (February 21, 2017). Hungary Unites With Poland To Fight Brussels. Breitbart News. Retrieved March 18, 2018.
- Montgomery, Jack (January 4, 2018). Poland and Hungary Unite Against Eurocrats: ‘We Don’t Want to Live in an Empire’. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 5, 2018.
- Wróbel, Aleksandra (February 20, 2018). Hungarian parliament votes to support Poland in fight against EU. Politico. Retrieved February 22, 2018.
- Nelson, Soraya Sarhaddi (March 12, 2018). How Poland And Hungary Are Forming A Powerful Tag Team Against Brussels. NPR. Retrieved March 14, 2018.
- Lane, Oliver JJ (January 30, 2018). Poland Signs into Law Anti-Sunday Shopping Legislation, Aims to Give Families More Time Together. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 31, 2018.
- Poland limits Sunday shopping to benefit family life. Associated Press. January 30, 2018. Retrieved January 31, 2018.