Liberation Theology

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Liberation Theology is a type of Christian theology which focuses on the interpretation of Jesus Christ as a spiritual revolutionary figure. This view rejects the traditional practice of servitude to the state and religious institutional hierarchy, and views faith as a catalyst of revolution and empowerment, as well as justification of rebellion against secular as well as seminal hierarchy.

Liberation Theology was supposedly founded by Gustavo Gutiérrez, a Dominican priest and Peruvian theologian. It was influential in the Roman Catholic church in Latin America during the 1970s and 80s but attracted the condemnation of Pope John Paul II.