Likud (officially the Likud–National Liberal Movement) was formed by the merger in 1988 of a number of parties that had previously formed an alliance in 1973:
- Gahal - itself an alliance of:
- Herut - Israel's main centre-right party before Likud
- The Liberal Party
- Free Centre
- National List
- Movement for Greater Israel
A member of the party is often called a Likudnik.