List of languages by number of speakers

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The following is a list of the 172 most spoken languages in 2011.[1].

RankLanguagePrimary CountryTotal CountriesSpeakers (millions)
1Chinese China 31 1,213
Chinese, Gan China 1 20.6
Chinese, Hakka China 17 30.0
Chinese, Huizhou China 1 4.6
Chinese, Jinyu China 1 45.0
Chinese, Mandarin China 20 845
Chinese, Min Bei China 2 10.3
Chinese, Min Dong China 7 9.1
Chinese, Min Nan China 10 47.3
Chinese, Min Zhong China 1 3.1
Chinese, Wu China 2 77.2
Chinese, Xiang China 2 36.0
Chinese, Yue China 20 55.5
2Spanish Spain 44 329
3English United Kingdom112 328
4Arabic Saudi Arabia 57 221
Arabic, Algerian Spoken Algeria 6 22.4
Arabic, Egyptian Spoken Egypt 10 54.0
Arabic, Gulf Spoken Iraq 10 3.6
Arabic, Hijazi Spoken Saudi Arabia 2 6.0
Arabic, Lybian Spoken Libya 3 4.3
Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken Iraq 5 15.1
Arabic, Moroccan Spoken Morocco 10 21.0
Arabic, Najdi Spoken Saudi Arabia 7 10.0
Arabic, North Levantine Spoken Syria 16 14.4
Arabic, North Mesopotamian Spoken Iraq 4 6.3
Arabic, Sa'idi Spoken Egypt 1 19.0
Arabic, Sanaani Spoken Yemen 1 7.6
Arabic, South Levantine Spoken Jordan 9 6.2
Arabic, Sudanese Spoken Sudan 6 16.8
Arabic, Ta'izzi-Adeni Spoken Yemen 8 7.1
Arabic, Tunisian Spoken Tunisia 5 9.4
5Hindi India 20 182
6Bengali Bangladesh 10 181
7Portuguese Portugal 37 178
8Russian Russian Federation 33 144
9Japanese Japan 25 122
10German, Standard Germany 43 90.3
11Javanese Indonesia 5 84.6
12Lahnda Pakistan 8 78.3
Panjabi, Western Pakistan 7 62.6
Seraiki Pakistan 3 13.8
13Telugu India 10 69.8
14Vietnamese Viet Nam 23 68.6
15Marathi India 5 68.1
16French France 60 67.8
17Korean South Korea33 66.3
18Tamil India 17 65.7
19Italian Italy 34 61.7
20Urdu Pakistan 23 60.6
21Turkish Turkey 36 50.8
22Gujarati India 20 46.5
23Polish Poland 23 40.0
24Malay Malaysia 14 39.1
Malay Malaysia 7 10.3
25Bhojpuri India 3 38.5
26Awadhi India 2 38.3
27Ukrainian Ukraine 27 37.0
28Malayalam India 11 35.9
29Kannada India 3 35.3
30Maithili India 2 34.7
31Sunda Indonesia 1 34.0
32Burmese Myanmar 5 32.3
33Oriya India 2 31.7
34Persian Iran 29 31.4
Farsi, Eastern Afghanistan 3 7.6
Farsi, Western Iran 27 23.9
35Marwari India 3 31.1
Dhundari India 1 9.0
Marwari India 3 5.6
Merwari India 1 3.9
Shekhawati India 1 3.0
36Panjabi, Eastern India 12 28.2
37Filipino Philippines 1 25.0
38Hausa Nigeria 13 25.0
39Tagalog Philippines 8 23.9
40Romanian Romania 20 23.4
41Indonesian Indonesia 6 23.2
42Dutch Netherlands 12 21.7
43Sindhi Pakistan 8 21.4
44Thai Thailand 5 20.4
45Pushto Pakistan 9 20.3
Pashto, Central Pakistan 1 7.9
Pashto, Northern Pakistan 7 9.7
46Uzbek Uzbekistan 14 20.3
Uzbek, Northern Uzbekistan 12 18.8
47Rajasthani India 3 20.0
Hadothi India 1 4.7
Malvi India 1 10.4
48Yoruba Nigeria 6 19.4
49Azerbaijani Iran 17 19.1
Azerbaijani, North Azerbaijan 10 7.5
Azerbaijani, South Iran 8 12.6
50Igbo Nigeria 1 18.0
51Amharic Ethiopia 6 17.5
52Chhattisgarhi India 1 17.5
53Oromo Ethiopia 4 17.3
Oromo, Borana-Arsi-Guji Ethiopia 3 3.8
Oromo, Eastern Ethiopia 1 4.5
Oromo, West Central Ethiopia 2 8.9
54Assamese India 4 16.8
55Serbo-Croatian Serbia 28 16.4
Croatian Croatia 14 5.5
Serbian Serbia 22 7.0
56Kurdish Iraq 32 16.0
Kurdish, Central Iraq 2 3.7
Kurdish, Northern Turkey 32 9.3
Kurdish, Southern Iran 2 3.0
57Cebuano Philippines 2 15.8
58Sinhala Sri Lanka 8 15.6
59Rangpuri Bangladesh 2 15.0
60Thai, Northeastern Thailand 1 15.0
61Zhuang China 2 14.9
62Malagasy Madagascar 4 14.7
Malagasy, Plateau Madagascar 4 7.5
63Nepali Nepal 5 13.9
64Somali Somalia 13 13.9
65Khmer, Central Cambodia 7 13.6
66Madura Indonesia 2 13.6
67Bavarian Austria 4 13.3
68Greek Greece 38 13.1
69Chittagonian Bangladesh 1 13.0
70Haryanvi India 1 13.0
71Magahi India 1 13.0
72Deccan India 1 12.8
73Hungarian Hungary 14 12.5
74Fulah Senegal 19 12.3
Pulaar Senegal 6 3.7
75Catalan-Valencian-Balear Spain 18 11.5
76Shona Zimbabwe 5 10.8
77Zulu South Africa 6 10.3
78Sylheti Bangladesh 10 10.3
79Quechua Peru 6 10.1
Quechua, South Bolivian Bolivia 2 3.6
80Kanauji India 1 9.5
81Czech Czech Republic 12 9.5
82Lombard Italy 3 9.1
83Bulgarian Bulgaria 16 9.1
84Uyghur China 15 8.8
85Nyanja Malawi 6 8.7
86Belarusan Belarus 16 8.6
87Kazakh Kazakhstan 14 8.3
88Swedish Sweden 8 8.3
89Akan Ghana 1 8.3
90Xhosa South Africa 3 7.8
91Bagheli India 2 7.8
92Haitian Haiti 10 7.7
93Konkani India 4 7.6
Konkani India 2 4.0
Konkani, Goan India 3 3.6
94Rwanda Rwanda 4 7.5
95Gikuyu Kenya 1 7.2
96Napoletano-Calabrese Italy 1 7.0
97Baluchi Pakistan 8 7.0
Balochi, Southern Pakistan 4 3.4
98Ilocano Philippines 2 7.0
99Varhadi-Nagpuri India 1 7.0
100Turkmen Turkmenistan 14 6.6
101Tatar Russian Federation 19 6.5
102German, Swiss Switzerland 5 6.5
103Hmong China 10 6.5
104Armenian Armenia 30 6.4
105Luba-Kasai Democratic Republic of the Congo 1 6.3
106Venetian Italy 4 6.2
107Santali India 4 6.2
108Vlaams Belgium 5 6.1
109Sotho, Southern Lesotho 4 6.0
110Thai, Northern Thailand 2 6.0
111Lambadi India 1 6.0
112Kongo Democratic Republic of the Congo 3 6.0
Koongo Democratic Republic of the Congo 3 5.0
113Albanian Albania 18 5.8
Albanian, Gheg Serbia 9 4.2
Albanian, Tosk Albania 10 3.0
114Tigrigna Ethiopia 6 5.8
115Hiligaynon Philippines 2 5.8
116Mongolian Mongolia 6 5.7
Mongolian, Peripheral China 2 3.4
117Kashmiri India 4 5.6
118Danish Denmark 8 5.6
119Minangkabau Indonesia 1 5.5
120Sukuma Tanzania 1 5.4
121Hebrew Israel 8 5.3
122Mòoré Burkina Faso 7 5.1
123Slovak Slovakia 12 5.0
124Finnish Finland 7 5.0
125Mewati India 1 5.0
126Afrikaans South Africa 12 4.9
127Guarani Paraguay 5 4.9
Guaraní, Paraguayan Paraguay 2 4.8
128Mainfränkisch Germany 1 4.9
129Rundi Burundi 4 4.9
130Bikol Philippines 1 4.8
131Sicilian Italy 1 4.8
132Norwegian Norway 1 4.6
133Mandingo Guinea 8 4.5
134Tswana Botswana 4 4.5
135Thai, Southern Thailand 1 4.5
136Tajiki Tajikistan 8 4.5
137Dholuo Kenya 2 4.4
138Georgian Georgia 13 4.3
139Kituba Democratic Republic of the Congo 1 4.2
140Ganda Uganda 1 4.1
141Sotho, Northern South Africa 2 4.1
142Umbundu Angola 2 4.0
143Wolof Senegal 6 4.0
144Kamba Kenya 1 4.0
145Kanuri Nigeria 6 4.0
Kanuri, Central Nigeria 6 3.2
146Domari Iran 14 4.0
147Musi Indonesia 1 3.9
148Dogri India 1 3.8
149Mina India 1 3.8
150Tsonga South Africa 4 3.7
151Bemba Zambia 4 3.6
152Banjar Indonesia 2 3.5
153Aceh Indonesia 1 3.5
154Bugis Indonesia 2 3.5
155Bali Indonesia 1 3.3
156Shan Myanmar 3 3.3
157Gilaki Iran 1 3.3
158Mazanderani Iran 1 3.3
159Jamaican Creole English Jamaica 7 3.2
160Galician Spain 2 3.2
161Lao Laos 7 3.2
162Lithuanian Lithuania 19 3.2
163Tamazight, Central Atlas Morocco 3 3.2
164Kabyle Algeria 3 3.1
165Hassaniyya Mauritania 8 3.1
166Éwé Ghana 2 3.1
167Piemontese Italy 3 3.1
168Makhuwa Mozambique 1 3.1
169Godwari India 1 3.0
170Hunsrik Brazil 5 3.0
171Kimbundu Angola 1 3.0
172Tachelhit Morocco 3 3.0

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