Mainstream media and Donald Trump
- Numerous other examples can be given. Please expand, with good sources.
This article discusses the mainstream media and Donald Trump, particularly the former's bias against the latter.
As with other conservatives, and likely more so, the Mainstream Media has waged a war against United States President Donald Trump. This has been to an extent probably not seen before, or at least in recent political history. A comparison of magazine covers between President Trump and Obama illustrate the media's opposition to President Trump.
As evidence of this intense mainstream media opposition to President Trump, a study published close to the 100th-day mark of Trump's presidency found that 89% of media coverage regarding Trump was negative. A similar study conducted by the Harvard Shorenstein Center on Media, Politics and Public Policy released in May 2017 found that 80% of the mainstream media coverage over Trump (including outlets such as Fox News Channel and The Wall Street Journal) was negative. According to the Pew Research Center, in October 2017, the media was three times more negative and eight times less positive toward Trump than it was to Obama, and the media was also significantly more biased against Trump compared to presidents Clinton and Bush II. Additionally, Trump was on track to become the most mocked president on late-night comedy TV in at least 25 years. Earlier, during the presidential campaign, 91% of the media coverage concerning Trump was negative and 96% of campaign contributions from the media went to Clinton. The Media Research Center found that 90% of coverage on President Trump on the evening news of ABC, CBS, and NBC in 2017 was negative and biased against him. According to a Pew Research Center poll released in January 2018, the U.S. mainstream media was perceived by Americans as significantly more biased against President Trump than the media in other countries is against their own leaders. Even former president Jimmy Carter, a liberal Democrat, stated that the media was more biased against Trump than any other president he knew about.
Many of the media's stories against President Trump used anonymous sources. It was also overly zealous (especially compared to other political figures) in factchecking President Trump and calling him out for his "lies", despite showing no interest in the many lies Obama told Americans. According to the mainstream media, Donald Trump and his administration have "told many lies" since his inauguration. On January 22, the Mainstream media attacked Trump's counselor Kellyanne Conway’s "alternative facts" statement to do with crowd size during the swearing-in ceremony with White House Press Secretary Sean Spicer earlier on causing a stir, claiming that Trump presided, "the largest audience to ever witness an inauguration, period, both in person and around the globe."
- 1 2016 election and immediate aftermath
- 2 Trump's inauguration crowd size
- 3 Illegal voters
- 4 Firing of U.S. attorneys
- 5 Mainstream media's endorsement of anti-Trump vandalism
- 6 Lack of reporting on issues
- 7 Writing Trump off as a failure at the beginning of his presidency
- 8 Trump Administration ad
- 9 Russia and Ukraine meetings coverage
- 10 Trump's first presidential foreign trip
- 11 Leaks
- 12 Comedic critics
- 13 Repealing ObamaCare
- 14 Hypothetical military orders
- 15 Trump vs. MS-13
- 16 Charlottesville
- 17 Claims of "racism"
- 18 Coverage of Trump "scandals"
- 19 President Trump's response
- 20 See also
- 21 Further reading
- 22 Notes
2016 election and immediate aftermath
While mainstream media coverage of Trump was mainly positive at the onset of his presidential campaign, the closer he came to winning the Republican nomination the more negative coverage became.
The mainstream media was extremely biased against and unfair towards Trump throughout the entire 2016 U.S. presidential election. One example of this was Trump's claim that many American Muslims celebrated 9/11, which was confirmed by various sources confirming – or in some cases justifying – his claims.
Also, after the 2016 election, several violent and disturbing anti-Trump attacks occurred throughout the nation against Trump supporters or supposed Trump supporters. Despite these attacks, liberals and leftists only focused on alleged "attacks" by Trump supporters against minorities and others (the leftist narrative, although being blatantly false and one-sided, fits their manufactured narrative that Trump supporters are "racist" and "evil" and that leftists are "tolerant" and "forgiving"). It was found that despite the number of real anti-Trump attacks which went largely unreported, several of the "pro-Trump" attacks were found to be hoaxes.
Trump's inauguration crowd size
On January 21, Spicer gave a five-minute statement to the press and discredited claims originating from CNN that claimed photos proved that the audience for Barack Obama's 2009 inauguration was "significantly larger" than Trump's. He stated the news story was an attempt by the anti-Trump media to "minimize enormous support that had gathered on the National Mall."
Alternative Media in turn attacked CNN for their false reporting, producing a video clearly showing the back areas of the mall partially empty in the morning, hours before the main inauguration event started.
The liberal media reporters also conveniently failed to mention the George Soros-sponsored violence by far-Left rioters and vandals (under the ruse of "protesting") that started hours before Trump's inauguration, that resulted in 217 arrests by the evening.
There were also real fears in the anti-Trump reporting in the lead up to the inauguration, that drones might be used to kill Trump and incoming Vice President Mike Pence, killing scores among the crowd in the process.
President Donald Trump believes that millions of people voted illegally in the US election. He first made the claim in a tweet in late November 2016.
On January 25, Trump tweeted that he will ask for a major investigation into voter fraud: I will be asking for a major investigation into VOTER FRAUD, including those registered to vote in two states, those who are illegal and even, those registered to vote who are dead (and many for a long time). Depending on results, we will strengthen up voting procedures!
According to NPR in 2012, a report by the Pew Center on the States found that more than 1.8 million dead people were registered to vote, and 24 million registrations were either invalid or inaccurate.
A more recent analysis of voting data agrees that Hillary Clinton may have received at least 800,000 votes from illegal aliens. According to Infowars, "it’s worth noting that the 800,000 figure could be a low, conservative estimate."
Firing of U.S. attorneys
When President Trump (and also President George W. Bush) fired federal prosecutors from the Obama Administration, the mainstream media went hysterical, but they had no problem when Presidents Clinton and Obama did the same thing.
Mainstream media's endorsement of anti-Trump vandalism
When reporting of a shameful and criminal act of vandalism some environmentalists committed on one of President Trump's golf courses in March 2017, the leftist Washington Post media called it "a daring act of defiance" before being forced to change its wording.
Lack of reporting on issues
After two immigrant teenagers (at least one was an illegal immigrant) raped another teenager, the mainstream media did very little reporting on the issue, likely because reporting on it would create a more positive view of President Trump's policies. On the other hand, the mainstream media spent much time reporting on the fake news story of a rape in the University of Virginia. The White House condemned the crime.
Writing Trump off as a failure at the beginning of his presidency
First 100 days "failure"
Trump Administration ad
Russia and Ukraine meetings coverage
On Mary 10, 2017, President Trump met with both the Russian foreign minister and the foreign minister of Ukraine, though not at the same time. However, the MSM only focused on the former and on alleged Russian collusion with the Trump Administration.
Trump's first presidential foreign trip
Trump is criticized on a daily basis by late-night television hosts Stephen Colbert, Trevor Noah and Seth Meyers. John Oliver and Samantha Bee are also constant critics using weekly shows. Trump is on track to become the most mocked president on late-night comedy TV in at least 25 years. Shows supposed to be late-night comedy shows became very political during Trump's presidency.
A study by the Media Research Center in June 2017 showed strong mainstream media coverage against the GOP's and Trump's effort to repeal ObamaCare as opposed to the effort to originally pass it in 2010.
Hypothetical military orders
The media devoted much time reporting a statement made by a military general, who rightly stated, when asked a hypothetical and silly question, that if President Trump ordered a nuclear strike on China, he would follow his orders.
On July 26, 2017, President Trump announced on Twitter that he would reverse an Obama Administration action and ban transgender people from the military. Despite the fact that this was only an announcement, the mainstream media acted as if the announcement was an official order, until the military stated the obvious, that there would be no ban until Trump provides direction to Secretary of Defense James Mattis. President Trump formally signed the transgender ban on August 25, 2017.
Trump vs. MS-13
Despite MS-13 being a very violent and dangerous gang in the U.S. and Central America, the MSM opposed President Trump's efforts to crack down on the gang and mischaracterized his comments, even to the point of sympathizing with the gang.
In August 2017, after violent and deadly clashes between white supremacists and Antifa activists in Charlottesville, Virginia, President Trump not only strongly criticized the hatred and violence, but, challenging the politically correct attitude of the establishment and the Left, criticized the "many sides" that were responsible for the hatred and violence rather than just the white supremacists. Trump explicitly rejected racism or white supremacism when he urged all Americans to view themselves as Americans first, saying that "above all, we must remember this truth, no matter our color, creed, religion or political party, we are all Americans first." President Trump stood unmoved even after intense media criticism, and in a press conference held a few days later, he again stated that the alt-left was just as responsible for the violence as the alt-right, criticized the media for its one-sidedness and double standards in reporting on the violence, and criticized the Left's opposition to Confederate monuments. As expected, President Trump shocked the mainstream media by his comments, and they distorted his comments to make it seem as if he sympathized with white supremacists. At a campaign rally in Arizona on August 22, 2017, President Trump harshly exposed the MSM's liberal bias and deception in their reporting of his public statements after the Charlottesville attacks by actually re-reading his original statements again. (the mainstream media pointed out that he did not include his "many sides" comment)
Claims of "racism"
Major "objective" mainstream media publications chose to label President Trump a "racist," even on their front pages.
Coverage of Trump "scandals"
While the media and other liberal organizations made a lot of noise over Trump cabinet officials spending taxpayer money for charter and military flights (enough noise to cause HHS Secretary Tom Price to resign), they had no complaint when Obama Administration officials did the same thing. Despite liberal obsession about Interior Secretary Ryan Zinke's spending on charter flights, Obama Administration Interior Department secretaries spent over 13 times in eight years as Zinke had spent by October 2017. Similarly, while the media emphasized international travel spending by EPA director Scott Pruitt, the Obama Administration's EPA directors spend as must or even more than Pruitt with no media outrage.
While the mainstream media highly emphasized and showed strong outrage against the 2016 Trump campaign's data mining on Facebook, Obama's 2012 campaign did the same thing, something the media responded with either silence or praise.
President Trump's response
On February 17, 2017, Trump tweeted: "The FAKE NEWS media (failing @nytimes, @NBCNews, @ABC, @CBS, @CNN) is not my enemy, it is the enemy of the American People!"
In January 2018, President Trump released his "2017 Fake News Awards", which he awarded to mainstream media outlets for false stories related to himself. There were eleven winners, with The New York Times in first place and with CNN in the list four times.
Donald Trump's association with conservative media
Rather than associate with the leftist mainstream media, Trump has associated himself with the conservative media, particularly Fox News. In April 2017, President Trump hosted a media briefing exclusively for conservative media outlets.
- Mainstream media errors in the Trump era: Your catalogue of the media's bias-fueled failure-fest, by Becket Adams of the Washington Examiner
- Leon, Juan (August 18, 2017). Comparing How the Media Portrays Trump and Obama on Magazine Covers. The Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved September 3, 2017.
- Harper, Jennifer (April 19, 2017). As first 100 days in office approaches, media coverage of Trump is 89% negative: Study. The Washington Times. Retrieved April 20, 2017.
- Noyes, Rich; Ciandella, Mike (April 19, 2017). Honeymoon from Hell: The Liberal Media vs. President Trump. NewsBusters -- Media Research Center. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- Richardson, Valerie (May 19, 2017). Harvard agrees: Trump press coverage sets ‘new standard for negativity’. The Washington Times. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
- Shaw, Adam (May 19, 2017). Study: Media Coverage of Trump’s First 100 Days Set ‘New Standard For Negativity’. Breitbart News. Retrieved May 19, 2017.
- Multiple references:
- Mitchell, Amy; Gottfried, Jeffrey; Stocking, Galen; Matsa, Katerina Eva; Grieco, Elizabeth (October 2, 2017). 3. A comparison to early coverage of past administrations. Pew Research Center. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- Bedard, Paul (December 27, 2017). Pew: Trump media three times more negative than for Obama, just 5 percent positive. Washington Examiner. Retrieved December 27, 2017.
- Moran, Sean (December 28, 2017). 2017 Data: Media over Three Times More Negative Towards Trump Than Obama. Breitbart News. Retrieved December 28, 2017.
- Study: Trump On Track to Be Most Mocked President on Late-Night TV in 25 Years. Breitbart News. May 4, 2017. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
- Bedard, Paul (March 19, 2017). Anti-Trump media: 91% coverage negative, 96% of donations to Hillary. Washington Examiner. Retrieved April 27, 2017.
- Multiple references:
- Bannister, Craig (January 16, 2018). Study: 90% of Network Coverage of President Trump Negative in 2017. CNS News. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
- Blackhurst, Kathryn (January 16, 2018). TV News Spent 2017 Aiming ‘Incessantly Hostile’ Coverage at Trump, Study Shows. LifeZette. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
- Harper, Jennifer (January 16, 2018). Hostile media: A year of attacking Trump, coverage still 90% negative. The Washington Times. Retrieved January 16, 2018.
- Multiple references:
- Mitchell, Amy; Simmons, Katie; Matsa, Katerina Eva; Silver, Laura (January 11, 2018). Publics Globally Want Unbiased News Coverage, but Are Divided on Whether Their News Media Deliver. Pew Research Center. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
- Bedard, Paul (January 11, 2018). Pew: US media bias ranks worst in the world. Washington Examiner. Retrieved January 11, 2018.
- Multiple references:
- Rodriguez, Katherine (October 22, 2017). Jimmy Carter: ‘Media Have Been Harder on Trump’ More than Other Presidents. Breitbart News. Retrieved October 22, 2017.
- Jimmy Carter: Media tougher on Trump than any other president in memory. Fox News. October 22, 2017. Retrieved October 22, 2017.
- Bozell, Brent; Graham, Tim (May 16, 2017). Bozell & Graham Column: Democracy Dies In Anonymous Sourcing. News Busters. Retrieved May 17, 2017.
- Pollak, Joel B. (January 2, 2018). POLLAK: The Media’s Phony Obsession with Fact-Checking Donald Trump. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 2, 2017.
- This Week in Trump Administration Lies: ‘Alternative Facts,’ Crowd Size, and More
- Trump's Press Secretary Falsely Claims: 'Largest Audience Ever to Witness an Inauguration, Period'
- York, Byron (July 11, 2016). Harvard study: As Trump won, media coverage turned sharply negative. Washington Examiner. Retrieved June 15, 2017.
- Kurtz, Howard (November 11, 2016). Media remain hostile to Donald Trump even as some pundits admit they blew it. Fox News. Retrieved November 11, 2016.
- Media Bias to the Extreme. BillOReilly.com. November 11, 2016. Retrieved November 12, 2016.
- Nolte, John (December 2, 2015). Trump 100% Vindicated: CBS Reports ‘Swarm’ On Rooftops Celebrating 9/11. Breitbart News. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
- Facebook Live attack the latest in string of anti-Trump assaults. Fox News. January 5, 2017. Retrieved January 8, 2017.
- CNN Fake News Debunked, Video of Actual Crowd Size at Trump’s Inauguration
- Over 200 arrested as Trump protests in Washington turn violent
- CNN's anti-Trump reporting takes dark turn
- Study: 1.8 Million Dead People Still Registered To Vote
- Trump argument bolstered: Clinton could have received 800,000 votes from noncitizens
- Trump proven right: millions of dead and invalid voters not included in study showing 800,000 illegals for Hillary!
- Media pivots on Trump's prosecutor purge after learning Clinton, Obama did the same. Fox News. March 13, 2017. Retrieved March 13, 2017.
- Kurtz, Howard (March 14, 2017). Upside-down media: Even anti-Trump vandalism gets good reviews. Fox News. Retrieved March 15, 2017.
- McHugh, Katie (March 21, 2017). Exclusive—Immigration Expert: Obama’s ‘Catch And Release’ Policy Allowed Illegal Alien Rape Suspects into the U.S. Breitbart News. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- Bill O'Reilly: Media's treatment of Maryland high school rape 'beyond anything I have ever seen'. Fox News. March 22, 2017. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- Cashill, Jack (March 22, 2017). Media Bury Rapists' Illegal-Alien Status. WND.com. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- Houck, Curtis (March 23, 2017). Networks censor rape story involving illegal immigrant, but gave 11 minutes in two days to fake UVA rape. Fox News. Retrieved March 23, 2017.
- Gore, Leada (March 22, 2017). White House responds to reports of high school rape by undocumented immigrants. AL.com. Retrieved March 22, 2017.
- Kurtz, Howard (April 3, 2017). Media score a triple-bogey presidency, but Trump is just getting started. Fox News. Retrieved April 3, 2017.
- Linkins, Jason (April 24, 2017). The Huffington Post. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
- Klein, Rick; Walshe, Shushannah (April 24, 2017). ANALYSIS: How Trump accomplished so little yet so much in first 100 days. CNN. Retrieved April 24, 2017.
- Boyer, Dave (May 5, 2017). Trump campaign says mainstream networks censoring TV ad. The Washington Times. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
- Bedard, Paul (May 5, 2017). CNN, ABC, CBS and NBC ban Trump 100 Days ad. Washington Examiner. Retrieved May 5, 2017.
- Goodenough, Patrick (May 12, 2017). Russia’s Foreign Ministry Slams US Media: ‘Colossal Bias …Lack of Independent Thinking’. CNS News. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Golding, Bruce (May 13, 2017). Trump retaliates on Twitter over Russia photos. New York Post. Retrieved May 13, 2017.
- Hayward, John (May 26, 2017). Top Five Media-Generated Non-Stories from Trump’s Foreign Trip. Breitbart News. Retrieved May 27, 2017.
- Fondacaro, Nicholas (June 7, 2017). Accused NSA leaker Reality Winner's motives a 'mystery' -- At least to ABC, NBC and CBS. Fox News (from NewsBusters). Retrieved June 7, 2017.
- Greenwood, Max (October 7, 2017). Late night hosts get political, fueling tensions with Trump. The Hill. Retrieved October 7, 2017.
- Moran Sean (June 28, 2017). New Study Reveals Media Bias Towards Obamacare over GOP Healthcare Plan. Breitbart News. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- Klein, Aaron (July 30, 2017). Media Find It Newsworthy that a Top U.S. Commander Would Follow Orders from President Trump. Breitbart News. Retrieved July 30, 2017.
- Wong, Kristina (July 26, 2017). Trump Announces Ban on Transgender People in the U.S. Military. Breitbart News. Retrieved July 26, 2017.
- "Defense chiefs resist Donald Trump's ban on transgender troops", July 27, 2017. Retrieved on July 27, 2017.
- Trump Tells Mattis to Indefinitely Ban Transgender Recruits. Voice of America. August 25, 2017. Retrieved August 25, 2017.
- Media sympathizes with MS-13, lambasts Trump. Fox News. July 31, 2017. Retrieved July 31, 2017.
- Multiple references:
- Dinan, Stephen (August 12, 2017). After Charlottesville clashes Trump says violence ‘must stop right now’. The Washington Times. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Spiering, Charlie (August 12, 2017). ‘We Are Americans First’ Donald Trump Calls For Peace; Condemns Violence ‘From All Sides’. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Pappas, Alex (August 12, 2017). Trump condemns ‘egregious display of hatred, bigotry and violence’ in Charlottesville. Fox News. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Trump's Remarks on Violence at White Supremacist Rally in Virginia. Voice of America. August 12, 2017. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Trump condemns 'white supremacists' as DOJ opens probe. Fox News. August 14, 2017. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Spiering, Charlie (August 14, 2017). ‘Racism is Evil’ — Donald Trump Condemns KKK, Neo-Nazis, and White Supremacists. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Trump Denounces White Supremacists Who Staged Deadly Rally. Voice of America. Retrieved August 15, 2017.
- Multiple references:
- Trump decries 'alt-left' in Charlottesville: 'Do they have any semblance of guilt?'. Fox News. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Spiering, Charlie (August 15, 2017). Donald Trump Blasts Reporters at Trump Tower For One-Sided Charlottesville Reporting. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Boyer, Dave (August 15, 2017). Trump says ‘alt-left’ also to blame for Charlottesville violence, warns against eradicating statues. The Washington Times. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Trump Blames Both Sides for Racial Violence at Virginia Rally. Voice of America. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Fabian, Jordan; Easley, Jonathan (August 15, 2017). Trump defiant: 'Blame on both sides' in Charlottesville. The Hill. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Remarks By President Trump on Infrastructure, Charlottesville Rally. Voice of America. August 15, 2017. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- 'Us' vs. 'Em': Faulty transcript on Trump presser spreads like wildfire. Fox News. August 16, 2017. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Spiering, Charlie (August 15, 2017). Fake News Transcript of Donald Trump Prompts Mistaken Outrage. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Nussbaum, Daniel (August 15, 2017). Establishment Media ‘Shaken’ by Trump Press Conference Comments on Charlottesville. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 16, 2017.
- Multiple references:
- Pappas, Alex (August 22, 2017). Trump goes on rampage against the media, sitting Arizona senators at Phoenix rally. Fox News. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
- Spiering, Charlie (August 22, 2017). Donald Trump: Media Dividing Country; ‘Giving a Platform to Hate Speech’. Breitbart News. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
- Miller, S.A.; Boyer, Dave (August 22, 2017). Trump blames ‘dishonest media’ for misreporting of his Charlottesville comments at Phoenix rally. The Washington Times. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
- Greenwood, Max (August 22, 2017). Trump rips media, defends Charlottesville statements at campaign-style rally. The Hill. Retrieved August 23, 2017.
- "At Rally, Trump Blames Media for Country’s Deepening Divisions", New York Times, Aug 22, 2017. Retrieved on Aug 26, 2017.
- Flood, Brian (September 26, 2017). 'Objective' major media outlets under fire for calling Trump 'a racist'. Fox News. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
- Treene, Alayna (September 29, 2017). The Trump officials caught splurging on luxury travel. Axios. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- Pappas, Alex (September 29, 2017). HHS Secretary Tom Price resigns over private plane trips. Fox News. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- Pollak, Joel B. (September 29, 2017). Democrats Flew at Taxpayer Expense and Almost Nobody Cared. Breitbart News. Retrieved September 29, 2017.
- Siciliano, John (October 9, 2017). Obama Interior officials dwarfed Ryan Zinke's spending on private flights: Report. Washington Examiner. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
- Mikelionis, Lukas (March 22, 2018). Obama's EPA appointees spent as much, or more, on travel than Trump's Pruitt, data show. Fox News. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- Flood, Brian (March 21, 2018). Liberal media didn’t think data mining was so bad when Obama’s campaign did it. Fox News. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- Bokhari, Allum (March 20, 2018). The Media Praised or Ignored Obama’s Harvesting of Facebook Data. Breitbart News. Retrieved March 22, 2018.
- Greenwood, Mark (February 17, 2017). Trump tweets: The media is the 'enemy of the American people'. The Hill. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Fabian, Jordan (February 24, 2017). White House hand-picks select media outlets for briefing. The Hill. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Pollak, Joel B. (February 24, 2017). Media Outrage over White House ‘Exclusion’ is Fake News. Breitbart. Retrieved February 27, 2017.
- Multiple references:
- Dedaj, Paulina (January 17, 2018). President Trump reveals winners of his ‘Fake News’ awards. Fox News. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Moons, Michelle (January 17, 2018). President Donald Trump Reveals 11 Fake News Awards, CNN Big Winner. Breitbart News. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Beck, Conor (January 17, 2018). White House Releases 2017 Fake News Awards. The Washington Free Beacon. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Concha, Joe (January 17, 2018). Trump's 'Fake News Awards' lead with CNN, ABC's Ross, NY Times' Krugman. The Hill. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Mass, Warren (January 18, 2018). Trump Announces Fake News Awards: Flake, McCain Criticize; Polish President Praises. The New American. Retrieved January 18, 2018.
- Stelter, Brian (March 19, 2017). Donald Trump: A Fox News president. nbc-2.com. Retrieved March 19, 2017.
- Spiering, Charlie (April 24, 2017). Donald Trump Invites Conservative Media to White House for Exclusive Briefing. Breitbart News. Retrieved April 25, 2017.