A map is an object, usually an image, which represents a given area of terrain. Maps give information about distances and topography in a given area, and often contain place names and the borders between countries and states. There are more or less standardized methods of marking locations, roads and landmarks on maps.
Maps are one of the two most essential pieces of navigation gear that one should carry, the other being a compass. GPS devices and cell phones with Google maps may breakdown or run out of batteries during an emergency, disaster or a Post Apocalyptic World - SHTF - TEOTWAWKI event. Also the sun isn't always shining, and it takes a great deal of time and effort to learn to stellar navigation, however a map and compass will continue to work until your break or lose them.
Types of Map
There are many different kinds of map to use. They can be simple, detailed, geologically oriented, topographical and so on. The type of map you choose will have a significant effect on how you navigate, so choose carefully.
- David Buisseret, ed., Monarchs, Ministers and Maps: The Emergence of Cartography as a Tool of Government in Early Modern Europe. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1992, ISBN 0-226-07987-2
- O'Connor, J.J. and E.F. Robertson, The History of Cartography. Scotland : St. Andrews University, 2002.
- International Cartographic Association (ICA), the world body for mapping and GIScience professionals
- Geography and Maps, an Illustrated Guide, by the staff of the U.S. Library of Congress.
- Historical Maps from the Hargrett Library Collection (University of Georgia) - browse over 1000 maps from as early as 1544. DjVu format; requires free plugin or JAVA
- The History of Cartography Project at the University of Wisconsin, a comprehensive research project in the history of maps and mapping
- Mapping History Project - University of Oregon
- Mapping the World The Lionel Pincus and Princess Firyal Map Division at The New York Public Library
- Online map collections at the Library of Congress
- Online map collections at the Bibliothèque nationale de France
- Maps Department at The British Library
- John H.W. Stuckenberg Map Digital Collection at Gettysburg College
- Terra Library: Geography Research Assistant