Matthew 10-19 (Translated)

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Chapter 10

Verse King James Version Proposed Conservative Translation Analysis
1 And when he had called unto him his twelve disciples, he gave them power against unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of sickness and all manner of disease. And when He had summoned His twelve (best) students, He gave them authority over unclean spirits, so that they could throw them out of a person, and to heal every kind of chronic illness and every kind of germ. The Greek phrase πνευματοι ακαθαρτοι literally translates as "unclean spirits." "Unclean" here means "having no possible relationship to God," because God cannot tolerate uncleanness in His Presence.

Two words appear in Greek, and often together, to describe human physical conditions that fall under the category of "sickness" or "illness." One is μαλακια (malakia) and the other is νοσος (nosos). Why the Greeks had two different concepts of sickness is difficult to determine, but perhaps μαλακια stood for a chronic condition, like cancer, and νοσος for any condition caused by a germ, like influenza.

2 Now the names of the twelve apostles are these; The first, Simon, who is called Peter, and Andrew his brother; James the son of Zebedee, and John his brother; Now the names of the twelve Apostles are as follows:

1. Simon, called Peter

2. Andrew, his brother

3. James son of Zebedee

4. John, his brother

The Greek word αποστολος apostolos comes from the verb αποστελλω apostello, which means "I send out on a mission." These were the first-ever missionaries.
3 Philip, and Bartholomew; Thomas, and Matthew the publican; James the son of Alphaeus, and Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; 5. Philip

6. Bartholomew

7. Thomas

8. Matthew the tax gatherer

9. James son of Alpheus

10. Thaddeus

The Thomas mentioned here is the one called "Doubting" today. The Matthew is the same man whom Jesus recruited out of his tax office, and the author of this Book of the Bible.

The Byzantine family calls Thaddeus "Lebbeus, surnamed Thaddeus."

4 Simon the Canaanite, and Judas Iscariot, who also betrayed him. 11. Simon the Canaanite

12. Judas Iscariot, who betrayed Him later on.

5 These twelve Jesus sent forth, and commanded them, saying, Go not into the way of the Gentiles, and into any city of the Samaritans enter ye not: Jesus sent these Twelve out with this instruction: "Do not take the road leading to the Gentiles, nor enter into any Samaritan town. The Samaritans were descendants of various populations transplanted into the old Kingdom of Israel by Shalmaneser V after he had finished conquering it. These Samaritans were even lower than tax-gatherers in Pharisaical estimation.
6 But go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel. "Instead, go to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.
7 And as ye go, preach, saying, The kingdom of heaven is at hand. "And as you go, preach, saying, 'The Kingdom of heaven is near.' The verb used is the perfect tense of a verb meaning "I approach." Thus it means that the Kingdom is in a state of being near, after having come near.
8 Heal the sick, cleanse the lepers, raise the dead, cast out devils: freely ye have received, freely give. "Heal the sick, raise the dead, cleanse the lepers, throw out demons. You have received freely, so give freely.
9 Provide neither gold, nor silver, nor brass in your purses, "Do not provide either gold, silver, or bronze in your money belts, Brass, an alloy of copper and zinc, was unknown in Biblical times. The metal actually meant by the Greek word χαλκος or chalcos is bronze, an alloy of copper and tin. Bronze was the least valuable of all the precious metals normally used as media of exchange. (Today it is the least precious of the metals used to make Olympic medals.) In fact, chalcos often meant "small change."
10 Nor scrip for your journey, neither two coats, neither shoes, nor yet staves: for the workman is worthy of his meat. "nor paper money for your journey, nor two coats, nor shoes, nor even walking sticks. The workman earns his wages.
11 And into whatsoever city or town ye shall enter, inquire who in it is worthy; and there abide till ye go thence. "Into any city or village that you enter, inquire who in it is deserving, and stay with that person until you leave that place.
12 And when ye come into an house, salute it. "When you come into a house, greet it properly.
13 And if the house be worthy, let your peace come upon it: but if it be not worthy, let your peace return to you. "And if the house is a deserving house, let your peace come on it, but if it doesn't deserve it, then let your peace come back to you.
14 And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words, when ye depart out of that house or city, shake off the dust of your feet. "And whoever refuses to receive you or hear your words, when you walk out of that house or city, shake the dust off your feet. This was a formal gesture of contempt that involved taking off the shoes and clapping them together to knock the dust off.
15 Verily I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city. "I tell you truly: it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrah in the Day of the Trial, than for that city.
16 Behold, I send you forth as sheep in the midst of wolves: be ye therefore wise as serpents, and harmless as doves. "I am sending you out like sheep in the middle of a pack of wolves. So be as cunning as snakes and as innocent as doves.
17 But beware of men: for they will deliver you up to the councils, and they will scourge you in their synagogues; "And watch out for the people. They are likely to hand you over to the Sanhedrin and have you scourged in their synagogues; The Sanhedrin was the ruling council among the Jews. The High Priest served as its chairman. Recent reports indicate that the worldwide Orthodox Jewish community is now trying to reinstate the Sanhedrin after centuries of its absence.
18 And ye shall be brought before governors and kings for my sake, for a testimony against them and the Gentiles. "and you will be brought before governors and kings for My sake, for a testimony against them and against the Gentiles. The Greek word ηγεμον (hegemon) was the common word used to describe a ranking magistrate in any Roman province. Such an officer typically carried such titles as proconsul, propraetor, or procurator, depending on whether the magistrate held the same rank as a consul, praetor, or aedilus curulis in the city of Rome.

The "kings" in view here are client-kings, or "puppet kings," of the Roman Empire. They were hardly sovereign, but answered to the Roman Emperor.

19 But when they deliver you up, take no thought how or what ye shall speak: for it shall be given you in that same hour what ye shall speak. "But when they so arraign you, don't worry about how or what to say. In that very moment it will be given you what to say.
20 For it is not ye that speak, but the Spirit of your Father which speaketh in you. "Because it won't be you doing the speaking, but the Guide (Spirit) from your Father speaking from within you.
21 And the brother shall deliver up the brother to death, and the father the child: and the children shall rise up against their parents, and cause them to be put to death. "Brother shall turn in brother for execution, and father will turn in child, and children will rise up against their parents and have them executed.
22 And ye shall be hated of all men for my name's sake: but he that endureth to the end shall be saved. "And you will be hated by all men on account of My Name. But whoever endures to the end will be saved.
23 But when they persecute you in this city, flee ye into another: for verily I say unto you, Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel, till the Son of man be come. "But when people persecute you in one city, flee to another city. I tell you truly: you will not have finished visiting all the cities in Israel until the Son, a human being, has come.
24 The disciple is not above his master, nor the servant above his lord. "The student is not above his teacher, nor the slave above his lord.
25 It is enough for the disciple that he be as his master, and the servant as his lord. If they have called the master of the house Beelzebub, how much more shall they call them of his household? "It is enough that the student be like his teacher, and the slave like his lord. If they have called the master of the house the Lord of the Flies, how much more will they call the members of the household? The name Beelzebub, first mentioned in 2_Kings 1:3 , translates literally as "Lord of the Flies." Most scholars identify this personage as another name for Satan.
26 Fear them not therefore: for there is nothing covered, that shall not be revealed; and hid, that shall not be known. "So don't be afraid of them. Nothing is covered that will not be revealed, nor hidden that will not be made known.
27 What I tell you in darkness, that speak ye in light: and what ye hear in the ear, that preach ye upon the housetops. "What I tell you in darkness, speak in the light, and what you hear in the ear, shout from the housetops.
28 And fear not them which kill the body, but are not able to kill the soul: but rather fear him which is able to destroy both soul and body in hell. "And don't be afraid of those who kill the body, but cannot kill the soul. Instead, fear the One Who can destroy both body and soul in hell.
29 Are not two sparrows sold for a farthing? and one of them shall not fall on the ground without your Father. "Aren't two sparrows sold for a penny? And neither one will fall to the ground without your Father knowing about it. The "penny" mentioned here is the ασσαριον or assarion, the second-least-valuable Roman coin. One assarion was worth four quadrantes. (See Matthew 5:26) Thus it was worth more than a farthing and was in fact worth about as much as a British penny in King James' day.
30 But the very hairs of your head are all numbered. "In fact the very hairs on your head are all counted.
31 Fear ye not therefore, ye are of more value than many sparrows. "So don't be afraid; you are more valuable than many sparrows.
32 Whosoever therefore shall confess me before men, him will I confess also before my Father which is in heaven. "So every person who speaks out about Me in front of men, I will also speak out about in front of My Father in heaven.
33 But whosoever shall deny me before men, him will I also deny before my Father which is in heaven. "But if anyone denies me before men, I will deny him before My Father in heaven.
34 Think not that I am come to send peace on earth: I came not to send peace, but a sword. "Don't think that I came to send peace on earth. I did not come to send peace, but a sword. The sword (Greek μαχαιρα) mentioned here is a Roman infantryman's sidearm.
35 For I am come to set a man at variance against his father, and the daughter against her mother, and the daughter in law against her mother in law. "I came to set 'man against father, and daughter against mother, and daughter-in-law against mother-in-law.
36 And a man's foes shall be they of his own household. "'And a man's enemies will be the members of his own household.'
37 He that loveth father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loveth son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me. "A man who loves father or mother more than Me doesn't deserve Me, and a man who loves son or daughter more than Me doesn't deserve Me.
38 And he that taketh not his cross, and followeth after me, is not worthy of me. "And whoever will not take his cross, and follow after Me, doesn't deserve Me. The expression "to take one's cross" signifies two things:
  1. To commit oneself totally to Christ, with no turning back.
  2. To be willing to die on His account, if necessary.
39 He that findeth his life shall lose it: and he that loseth his life for my sake shall find it. "He who finds his life will lose it, and he who loses his life for My sake will find it.
40 He that receiveth you receiveth me, and he that receiveth me receiveth him that sent me. "The one that receives you, receives Me, and the one who receives Me, receives Him Who sent Me.
41 He that receiveth a prophet in the name of a prophet shall receive a prophet's reward; and he that receiveth a righteous man in the name of a righteous man shall receive a righteous man's reward. "One who receives a prophet in a prophet's name will receive a prophet's reward, and one who receives a just man in a just man's name will receive a just man's reward.
42 And whosoever shall give to drink unto one of these little ones a cup of cold water only in the name of a disciple, verily I say unto you, he shall in no wise lose his reward. "And whoever gives one of these little ones a cup of cold water to drink, even if only in the name of a student (of Mine), I tell you truly: he will not lose his reward under any circumstances."

Chapter 11

Verse King James Version Proposed Conservative Translation Analysis
1 And it came to pass, when Jesus had made an end of commanding his twelve disciples, he departed thence to teach and to preach in their cities. "And it came to pass, when Jesus had finished giving His orders to His twelve prize students, He left that place in order to teach and preach in their cities.
2 Now when John had heard in the prison the works of Christ, he sent two of his disciples, Now when John the Baptist, who was in prison, heard about the works of Christ, he sent a message to Christ, carried by his own students. The Byzantine manuscripts say that John sent two students of his, specifically. However, that might possibly be a copyist's error. Most manuscripts have the preposition δια, meaning "through", but the Byzantine manuscripts have δυο, or the number two.
3 And said unto him, Art thou he that should come, or do we look for another? The message asked: "Are you the one we were led to expect to come, or shall we wait for someone else?"
4 Jesus answered and said unto them, Go and shew John again those things which ye do hear and see: In answer, Jesus told John's messengers, "Go and show John again what you can hear and see:
5 The blind receive their sight, and the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, and the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the gospel preached to them. "The blind see again, the lame walk, the lepers are cleansed, the deaf hear, the dead are raised up, and the poor have the Good News preached to them.
6 And blessed is he, whosoever shall not be offended in me. "And anyone who does not have doubts about Me will be blessed."
7 And as they departed, Jesus began to say unto the multitudes concerning John, What went ye out into the wilderness to see? A reed shaken with the wind? And as they were leaving, Jesus began to say to the crowds about John, "What did you go out into the desert to see? A reed shaken in the wind?
8 But what went ye out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? behold, they that wear soft clothing are in kings' houses. "And what did you go out to see? A man wearing soft clothes? You'll find people wearing soft clothes in kings' houses.
9 But what went ye out for to see? A prophet? yea, I say unto you, and more than a prophet. "And what did you go out to see? A prophet? Yes, I tell you, and more than a prophet.
10 For this is he, of whom it is written, Behold, I send my messenger before thy face, which shall prepare thy way before thee. "This is the one of whom Scripture says, 'Behold, I send My messenger before Your face, and he will prepare Your road before You.'
11 Verily I say unto you, Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. "I tell you truly: Among those who are born from women, there has never been a greater man than John the Baptist, even though the least person in the Kingdom of Heaven is greater than he.
12 And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent take it by force. "And from the days of John the Baptist until now, the kingdom of heaven suffers from violence, and the violent people snatch it by force.
13 For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John. "Because all the prophets and the law used to prophesy until John came.
14 And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for to come. "And if you are willing to take it, this is Elijah, who said he'd come back.
15 He that hath ears to hear, let him hear. "Let anyone hear if he has ears to hear.
16 But whereunto shall I liken this generation? It is like unto children sitting in the markets, and calling unto their fellows, "But to what shall I compare this generation? It's like several children sitting in the public squares, and calling to their fellows,
17 And saying, We have piped unto you, and ye have not danced; we have mourned unto you, and ye have not lamented. "And saying, 'We have blown the pipes for you, and you did not dance, and we have mourned to you, and you have not lamented.'
18 For John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, He hath a devil. "Because John came neither eating nor drinking, and they say, 'He's demon-possessed.'
19 The Son of man came eating and drinking, and they say, Behold a man gluttonous, and a winebibber, a friend of publicans and sinners. But wisdom is justified of her children. "The Son, a human being, came eating and drinking, and they say, 'He's a glutton and a wine drinker, and a friend of tax-gatherers and sinners.' But wisdom is justified by her works." The Byzantine manuscript family has "children" rather than "works."

The expression "wine-drinker" does not connote alcoholic drink intoxication, but rather the taking of expensive (for the time) foodstuffs to excess. The larger principle is that Jesus makes an excellent case that He "cannot win for losing" in the eyes of His critics.

20 Then began he to upbraid the cities wherein most of his mighty works were done, because they repented not: Then He started denouncing the cities in which most of His mighty works had been done, because the people in those cities never changed their hearts and minds:
21 Woe unto thee, Chorazin! woe unto thee, Bethsaida! for if the mighty works, which were done in you, had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago in sackcloth and ashes. "It will go horribly for you, Chorazin! And you, Bethsaida! If the mighty works that were done in you had been done in Tyre and Sidon, they would have changed their hearts long ago and put on sackcloth and ashes.
22 But I say unto you, It shall be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the day of judgment, than for you. "But I say to you that it will be more tolerable for Tyre and Sidon at the Day of Trial, than for you.
23 And thou, Capernaum, which art exalted unto heaven, shalt be brought down to hell: for if the mighty works, which have been done in thee, had been done in Sodom, it would have remained until this day. "And you, Capernaum, that are exalted to the sky, will be brought down to the underworld! If the mighty works that have been done in you had been done in Sodom, that city would still be standing.
24 But I say unto you, That it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the day of judgment, than for thee. "But I tell you that it will be more tolerable for the land of Sodom in the Day of Trial than for you."
25 At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes. In that time Jesus said in answer, "Father, I thank You, Lord of heaven and earth, because You have hidden these things from the sophisticated and clever, and have revealed them to the uneducated." "sophisticated" is more precise than "wise"; "clever" more precise than "prudent"; and "uneducated" more precise than "babes"
26 Even so, Father: for so it seemed good in thy sight. "Yes, Father, because it seemed good in Your estimation.
27 All things are delivered unto me of my Father: and no man knoweth the Son, but the Father; neither knoweth any man the Father, save the Son, and he to whomsoever the Son will reveal him. "All things are delivered to Me by My Father, and no man knows the Son except the Father, and neither does any man know the Father, except the Son, and the one to whom the Son will reveal Him.
28 Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. "Come to Me, all of you who work hard and carry a heavy load. I will give you rest.
29 Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart: and ye shall find rest unto your souls. "Take My yoke on yourself, and learn from Me. I am gentle and humble in heart. And you will find rest for your souls. The yoke is a framework for fastening two beasts of burden, typically oxen, to work as a team. Jesus does not propose to lay another burden on people, but offers to work in tandem with us to help carry our loads, if we will but let Him.
30 For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light. "My yoke is easy to carry, and My load is light."

Chapter 12

Verse King James Version Proposed Conservative Translation Analysis
1 At that time Jesus went on the sabbath day through the corn; and his disciples were an hungred, and began to pluck the ears of corn, and to eat. At that time Jesus went through a cornfield on a Sabbath day. His students were hungry and started to pull out ears of corn from the stalks and eat them.
2 But when the Pharisees saw it, they said unto him, Behold, thy disciples do that which is not lawful to do upon the sabbath day. And when the Pharisees saw them doing this, they told him, "Stop! Your students are doing things that are against Sabbath regulations!" The Greek expression εξεστι(ν) or exesti(n) means "it is lawful," or can also mean "it is according to regulations." The Pharisees had taken upon themselves to write a very large body of regulations governing conduct on the Sabbath day, not one of which was found in the Old Testament.
3 But he said unto them, Have ye not read what David did, when he was an hungred, and they that were with him; But He told them, "Haven't you read what David did, when he was hungry, and so were those who were with him,
4 How he entered into the house of God, and did eat the shewbread, which was not lawful for him to eat, neither for them which were with him, but only for the priests? "how he went into the Tabernacle and ate showbread, which was not proper for him to eat, nor for those who were with him, but only for the priests? See the story of High Priest Ahimelech I for details. (1_Samuel 21:1-9 (NASB))
5 Or have ye not read in the law, how that on the sabbath days the priests in the temple profane the sabbath, and are blameless? "Or haven't you read in the law, that on Sabbath days the priests in the Temple usually do things that desecrate the Sabbath and are held harmless for it?
6 But I say unto you, That in this place is one greater than the temple. "But I am telling you that right here you have Someone greater than the Temple.
7 But if ye had known what this meaneth, I will have mercy, and not sacrifice, ye would not have condemned the guiltless. "But if you had known what 'I desire mercy and not sacrifice' means, you wouldn't have condemned someone who had done nothing wrong.
8 For the Son of man is Lord even of the sabbath day. "Because the Son, a human being, is Lord even of the Sabbath."
9 And when he was departed thence, he went into their synagogue: And when He had left that place, He went into their synagogue.
10 And, behold, there was a man which had his hand withered. And they asked him, saying, Is it lawful to heal on the sabbath days? that they might accuse him. A man was present who had a withered hand. And they asked Him a question, "Is it lawful to heal on Sabbath days?" so that they might accuse him. In this case, the Pharisees sought to accuse him—again—of breaking their extra-Biblical regulations.
11 And he said unto them, What man shall there be among you, that shall have one sheep, and if it fall into a pit on the sabbath day, will he not lay hold on it, and lift it out? And He told them, "Is there anyone among you who, if he has one sheep, and it falls into a pit on the Sabbath day, will not take hold of it and lift it out?" Such was the full implication of the Pharisaical sabbath regulations that the slightest effort was regarded as "working on the Sabbath," in violation of the Fourth Commandment.
12 How much then is a man better than a sheep? Wherefore it is lawful to do well on the sabbath days. "So how much better is a man than a sheep? Therefore it is lawful to behave well on Sabbath days."
13 Then saith he to the man, Stretch forth thine hand. And he stretched it forth; and it was restored whole, like as the other. Then He told the man, "Hold out your hand." And he held it out, and it was restored and made well, like the other hand.
14 Then the Pharisees went out, and held a council against him, how they might destroy him. Then the Pharisees left, and held a council against Him, to determine how to destroy Him.
15 But when Jesus knew it, he withdrew himself from thence: and great multitudes followed him, and he healed them all; And when Jesus knew about that, He left that place, and great crowds followed Him, and He healed them all,
16 And charged them that they should not make him known: and gave them orders not to make Him famous in any way,
17 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet, saying, so that this might be fulfilled, spoken by Isaiah, who said,
18 Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles. "Look at My Servant, Whom I have chosen, My Beloved, in Whom My Soul is well pleased. I will put My Spirit on Him, and He will show judgment to the nations.
19 He shall not strive, nor cry; neither shall any man hear his voice in the streets. "He will not struggle, nor cry, and neither will any man hear His voice in the streets.
20 A bruised reed shall he not break, and smoking flax shall he not quench, till he send forth judgment unto victory. "He will not break even a bruised reed, and will not quench smoking flax, until He causes justice to triumph,
21 And in his name shall the Gentiles trust. "And the nations will trust in His Name."
22 Then was brought unto him one possessed with a devil, blind, and dumb: and he healed him, insomuch that the blind and dumb both spake and saw. Then they brought to him a demon-possessed man who was blind and mute. He healed him, so that this blind and mute man could see and speak.
23 And all the people were amazed, and said, Is not this the son of David? Everyone in the crowds were amazed, and said, "Isn't this Man the Son of David?"
24 But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, This fellow doth not cast out devils, but by Beelzebub the prince of the devils. But when the Pharisees heard about it, they said, "This Man throws out demons by calling on Beelzebub, the ruler of the demons."
25 And Jesus knew their thoughts, and said unto them, Every kingdom divided against itself is brought to desolation; and every city or house divided against itself shall not stand: But Jesus knew what they were thinking, and said to them, "Every kingdom divided against itself is made desolate like a desert, and every city or house divided against itself cannot stand. Jesus now proceeds to illustrate the utter lack of logic of the Pharisees' position.
26 And if Satan cast out Satan, he is divided against himself; how shall then his kingdom stand? "So if Satan throws out Satan, he is divided against himself. So how can his kingdom stand?
27 And if I by Beelzebub cast out devils, by whom do your children cast them out? therefore they shall be your judges. "And if I throw out demons by calling on Beelzebub, by whom do your children throw them out? They will be your judges on this account.
28 But if I cast out devils by the Spirit of God, then the kingdom of God is come unto you. "But if I throw out demons by using the Divine Guide of God, then the Kingdom of God has come to you.
29 Or else how can one enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he first bind the strong man? and then he will spoil his house. "Or else how can anyone walk into a strong man's house, and steal his goods, without first restraining the strong man? Then he can ransack his house."
30 He that is not with me is against me; and he that gathereth not with me scattereth abroad. "Whoever is not with Me is against Me, and whoever does not gather with Me, scatters about.
31 Wherefore I say unto you, All manner of sin and blasphemy shall be forgiven unto men: but the blasphemy against the Holy Ghost shall not be forgiven unto men. "For this reason I am telling you: All sorts of sin and blasphemy will be forgiven to men. But blasphemy against the Divine Guide will not be forgiven to men.
32 And whosoever speaketh a word against the Son of man, it shall be forgiven him: but whosoever speaketh against the Holy Ghost, it shall not be forgiven him, neither in this world, neither in the world to come. "Any person who speaks a word against the Son, a human being, will have that word forgiven him. But any person who speaks against the Divine Guide will not have that speech forgiven him, not in this world, and not in the world to come."
33 Either make the tree good, and his fruit good; or else make the tree corrupt, and his fruit corrupt: for the tree is known by his fruit. "Either make the tree good, and its fruit will be good, or else make the tree rotten, and its fruit will be rotten. The tree is known by its fruit.
34 O generation of vipers, how can ye, being evil, speak good things? for out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaketh. "You jerks, how can you, being evil, say anything good? The mouth speaks out of the abundance of the heart. See Matthew 3:7. Jesus uses the same expression that John the Baptist once used.
35 A good man out of the good treasure of the heart bringeth forth good things: and an evil man out of the evil treasure bringeth forth evil things. "A good man, out of a good (heart) treasure, produces good things; a bad man, out of a bad (heart) treasure, produces bad things.
36 But I say unto you, That every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment. "And I am telling you: Every idle word that men speak, they will have to explain in the Day of Trial.
37 For by thy words thou shalt be justified, and by thy words thou shalt be condemned. "Because you will be justified by your words, and condemned by your words."
38 Then certain of the scribes and of the Pharisees answered, saying, Master, we would see a sign from thee. Then some of the scribes and the Pharisees said in answer, "Teacher, we want to see a sign from you." This was a consistent demand from the Pharisees and indeed all the Jews. Now Jesus shows that even Divine Patience has Its limits.
39 But he answered and said unto them, An evil and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given to it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas: And He in answer told them, "A wicked and adulterous generation looks for a sign, and they're not going to get one, except the sign of the prophet Jonah.
40 For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale's belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. "Just as 'Jonah spent three days and nights in the belly of a sea-monster,' so also the Son, a human being, will spend three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. See Jonah 2 . The Greek word κητος (ketos), from which comes the Latin word cetus, originally meant any large creature of the sea. Modern man gave that name to the family Cetaceae, the family of the great whales. This did not mean that Jonah's creature was necessarily a great whale.
41 The men of Nineveh shall rise in judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: because they repented at the preaching of Jonas; and, behold, a greater than Jonas is here. "The men of Nineveh will rise at the Trial along with this generation, and will condemn it, because they changed their hearts at the preaching of Jonah, and a greater man than Jonah is now present. See Jonah 3 for details.
42 The queen of the south shall rise up in the judgment with this generation, and shall condemn it: for she came from the uttermost parts of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon; and, behold, a greater than Solomon is here. "The queen of the south will rise up at the trial along with this generation, and will condemn it, because she came from the furthest reaches of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon. A much greater man than Solomon is now present." This refers to the visit paid to King Solomon by the Queen of Sheba.
43 When the unclean spirit is gone out of a man, he walketh through dry places, seeking rest, and findeth none. "When the unclean spirit has left a man, he walks through dry places, looking for rest, and does not find it.
44 Then he saith, I will return into my house from whence I came out; and when he is come, he findeth it empty, swept, and garnished. "Then he says, 'I will go back to the house from which I came.' And when he comes back, he finds the house unoccupied, swept clean, and put in order.
45 Then goeth he, and taketh with himself seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter in and dwell there: and the last state of that man is worse than the first. Even so shall it be also unto this wicked generation. "Then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than he, and they come in and settle there, and the last state of that man is worse than the first. And that's how it's going to be as well for this wicked generation."
46 While he yet talked to the people, behold, his mother and his brethren stood without, desiring to speak with him. While He was still talking to the people, His mother and brothers stood outside, wanting to speak with Him.
47 Then one said unto him, Behold, thy mother and thy brethren stand without, desiring to speak with thee. And someone told him, "Behold, Your mother and Your brothers are standing outside, and want to speak with You."
48 But he answered and said unto him that told him, Who is my mother? and who are my brethren? But in answer He said back to the person who told Him, "Who is my mother? And who are my brothers?"
49 And he stretched forth his hand toward his disciples, and said, Behold my mother and my brethren! And He held out His hand toward His students, and said, "They are My mother and brothers!
50 For whosoever shall do the will of my Father which is in heaven, the same is my brother, and sister, and mother. "Because any person who does what My Father in Heaven wants, that person is My brother, and sister, and mother."

Chapter 13

Verse King James Version Proposed Conservative Translation Analysis
1 The same day went Jesus out of the house, and sat by the sea side. On that day Jesus left the house and sat by the lake. trimmed a bit with more familiar language
2 And great multitudes were gathered together unto him, so that he went into a ship, and sat; and the whole multitude stood on the shore. Great crowds gathered for Him. So he boarded a boat and sat there, while the entire crowd stood on the shore. The acoustics of Lake Tiberias do allow this sort of activity at many points.
3 And he spake many things unto them in parables, saying, Behold, a sower went forth to sow; He taught much to them in parables, saying, "Consider this: A sower went out to sow seed.
4 And when he sowed, some seeds fell by the way side, and the fowls came and devoured them up: And when he sowed, some of the seeds fell on the roadside, and birds came and ate them up.
5 Some fell upon stony places, where they had not much earth: and forthwith they sprung up, because they had no deepness of earth: Other seeds fell on rock, where there was little soil. They sprouted immediately, because the soil was not deep,
6 And when the sun was up, they were scorched; and because they had no root, they withered away. and by midday the sun scorched them, and because they lacked roots, they withered.
7 And some fell among thorns; and the thorns sprung up, and choked them: "Others fell among thorns. The thorns sprang up, and choked them.
8 But other fell into good ground, and brought forth fruit, some an hundredfold, some sixtyfold, some thirtyfold. "But still others fell on good ground, and produced fruit, some a hundred times as much, some sixty times as much, and some thirty times as much.
9 Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. "Anyone having ears to hear, let him hear."
10 And the disciples came, and said unto him, Why speakest thou unto them in parables? And His students came and said to Him, "Why do You speak to them in parables?"
11 He answered and said unto them, Because it is given unto you to know the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven, but to them it is not given. In answer He told them, "I speak in parables because it is granted to you to know the secrets of the Kingdom of heaven, but it is not granted to them.
12 For whosoever hath, to him shall be given, and he shall have more abundance: but whosoever hath not, from him shall be taken away even that he hath. "For whoever has, it will be given to him even more abundantly. But whoever has not, even what he has will be taken away from him.
13 Therefore speak I to them in parables: because they seeing see not; and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand. "That's why I talk to them in parables: because they see without seeing, and hear without hearing, and don't understand, either.
14 And in them is fulfilled the prophecy of Esaias, which saith, By hearing ye shall hear, and shall not understand; and seeing ye shall see, and shall not perceive: "In them the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled. That prophecy says: 'By hearing you will hear, and not understand, and seeing you will see, and not perceive.
15 For this people's heart is waxed gross, and their ears are dull of hearing, and their eyes they have closed; lest at any time they should see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and should understand with their heart, and should be converted, and I should heal them. "'Because the heart of this people has grown fat, and their ears are dull of hearing, and they have shut their eyes; otherwise they might at any time see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and would be converted, and I would heal them.'
16 But blessed are your eyes, for they see: and your ears, for they hear. "But your eyes are blessed, because they see; and your ears, because they hear.
17 For verily I say unto you, That many prophets and righteous men have desired to see those things which ye see, and have not seen them; and to hear those things which ye hear, and have not heard them. For I tell you truly: Many prophets and just men have strongly desired to see the things that you see, and have not seen them, and to hear the things that you hear, and have not heard them.
18 Hear ye therefore the parable of the sower. "So listen to the parable of the sower:
19 When any one heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the wicked one, and catcheth away that which was sown in his heart. This is he which received seed by the way side. "When anyone hears the Truth about the Kingdom, and fails to understand it, the evil one comes and snatches away whatever was sown in his heart. This is the one who receives the seed that fell by the roadside. The "evil one" mentioned here is Satan.
20 But he that received the seed into stony places, the same is he that heareth the word, and anon with joy receiveth it; "And he who receives the seed in rocky places, is the one who hears the Truth, and receives it with joy,
21 Yet hath he not root in himself, but dureth for a while: for when tribulation or persecution ariseth because of the word, by and by he is offended. "but has no root in himself. He will last a little while, and then when oppression or persecution arises on account of the Truth, he finally stumbles and falls away.
22 He also that received seed among the thorns is he that heareth the word; and the care of this world, and the deceitfulness of riches, choke the word, and he becometh unfruitful. "Also, he who receives the seed among the thorns is one who hears the Truth, and the worries of this world, and the deception that comes with wealth, choke the Truth, and he he becomes unfruitful.
23 But he that received seed into the good ground is he that heareth the word, and understandeth it; which also beareth fruit, and bringeth forth, some an hundredfold, some sixty, some thirty. But he who receives seed on good ground is the one who hears the Truth, understands it, and also bears fruit, and produces a hundred, or sixty, or thirty times as much as he received.
24 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man which sowed good seed in his field: He told them another parable: "The Kingdom of heaven islike a man who sowed good seed in his field.
25 But while men slept, his enemy came and sowed tares among the wheat, and went his way. "But while everyone was asleep, his enemy came and sowed weeds in the middle of the wheat, and then left. The Greek word ζιζανιον or zizanion is the word used for a specific weed that closely resembles wheat.
26 But when the blade was sprung up, and brought forth fruit, then appeared the tares also. "And when the blades of wheat sprouted, and produced their grain, the weeds appeared as well.
27 So the servants of the householder came and said unto him, Sir, didst not thou sow good seed in thy field? from whence then hath it tares? "So the household slaves came and told him, 'Lord, didn't you sow good seed in your field? Where did these weeds come from?'
28 He said unto them, An enemy hath done this. The servants said unto him, Wilt thou then that we go and gather them up? "He told them, 'An enemy has done this.' The slaves asked him, 'Do you want us to go and pull them up?'
29 But he said, Nay; lest while ye gather up the tares, ye root up also the wheat with them. "And he said, 'No. If you pull the weeds, you might pull up the wheat along with them.
30 Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather ye together first the tares, and bind them in bundles to burn them: but gather the wheat into my barn. "'Let them both grow together until the harvest. At harvest time I will tell the harvesters, "Gather the weeds together first, and tie them in bundles to burn them, and gather the wheat into my barn."'"
31 Another parable put he forth unto them, saying, The kingdom of heaven is like to a grain of mustard seed, which a man took, and sowed in his field: He told them another parable: "The Kingdom of heaven is like a grain of mustard seed, that a man took and sowed in his field.
32 Which indeed is the least of all seeds: but when it is grown, it is the greatest among herbs, and becometh a tree, so that the birds of the air come and lodge in the branches thereof. "Mustard is the smallest of all seeds. But when it grows, it is the largest among herbs, and grows into a tree, so that birds of the sky can come and nest in its branches."
33 Another parable spake he unto them; The kingdom of heaven is like unto leaven, which a woman took, and hid in three measures of meal, till the whole was leavened. He spoke another parable to them: "The Kingdom of heaven is like yeast, that a woman took and hid in three sata of meal, until the entire loaf was filled with it." A saton is equivalent to 21.6 dry pints.
34 All these things spake Jesus unto the multitude in parables; and without a parable spake he not unto them: Jesus spoke all these things to the crowd in parables, and did not speak to them other than in parables,
35 That it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet, saying, I will open my mouth in parables; I will utter things which have been kept secret from the foundation of the world. so that the prophecy (by Isaiah) might be fulfilled. That prophecy states: "I will open My mouth in parables. I will talk about things that have been kept hidden from the foundation of the world."
36 Then Jesus sent the multitude away, and went into the house: and his disciples came unto him, saying, Declare unto us the parable of the tares of the field. Then Jesus sent the crowd away, and went into the house. His students came to him, saying, "Explain the parable of the weeds in the field to us."
37 He answered and said unto them, He that soweth the good seed is the Son of man; In answer He told them, "The one sowing the good seed is the Son, a human being.
38 The field is the world; the good seed are the children of the kingdom; but the tares are the children of the wicked one; "The field is the world. The good seed are the recognized children of the Kingdom. The weeds are the children of the Evil One.
39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels. "The enemy who sowed them is the Slanderer. The harvest is the end of the world, and the harvesters are the Messengers of God. These Messengers are angels. The word angel literally means "a messenger."
40 As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. "So just as the weeds are gathered and burned in the fire, that's how it will be at the end of this world.
41 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; "The Son, a human being, will send out His Messengers, and they will gather out of His Kingdom all stumbling blocks, and all those who do lawlessness,
42 And shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. "and will throw them into a furnace of fire. There will be wailing and grinding of teeth.
43 Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear. "Then the just will shine out like the sun in the Kingdom of their Father. Anyone having ears to hear, let him hear."
44 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto treasure hid in a field; the which when a man hath found, he hideth, and for joy thereof goeth and selleth all that he hath, and buyeth that field. "The Kingdom of heaven is like a treasure hidden in a field. When a man has found it, he hides it, and he is so happy to have found it that he goes and sells everything he has, and buys that field.
45 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a merchant man, seeking goodly pearls: "Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a merchant, looking for valuable pearls.
46 Who, when he had found one pearl of great price, went and sold all that he had, and bought it. "When he finds one very valuable pearl, he goes and sells everything he has, and buys it.
47 Again, the kingdom of heaven is like unto a net, that was cast into the sea, and gathered of every kind: "Again, the kingdom of heaven is like a net that was thrown into the sea and gathered every kind of fish.
48 Which, when it was full, they drew to shore, and sat down, and gathered the good into vessels, but cast the bad away. "When it was full, they drew it ashore, and sat down, and gathered the good fish into containers, and threw the bad fish back.
49 So shall it be at the end of the world: the angels shall come forth, and sever the wicked from among the just, "That's how it will be at the end of the world: the Messengers will come out, and separate the wicked from among the just,
50 And shall cast them into the furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth. "and will throw them into the furnace of fire. There will be wailing and grinding of teeth.
51 Jesus saith unto them, Have ye understood all these things? They say unto him, Yea, Lord. "Have you understood all this?" They told them, "Yes, Lord."
52 Then said he unto them, Therefore every scribe which is instructed unto the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man that is an householder, which bringeth forth out of his treasure things new and old. Then He told them, "For this reason every writer who his taught the things of the Kingdom of heaven is like a householder, who brings out of his treasure-house both new and old things."
53 And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these parables, he departed thence. It happened that when Jesus had finished telling these parables, He left.
54 And when he was come into his own country, he taught them in their synagogue, insomuch that they were astonished, and said, Whence hath this man this wisdom, and these mighty works? He came into His own country, and taught them in their synagogue. They were amazed, and said, "Where did this Man get such wisdom, and such mighty works?
55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brethren, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas? "This is the carpenter's Son, isn't He? His mother is called Mary, isn't she? And His brothers are James, Simon, and Judas?
56 And his sisters, are they not all with us? Whence then hath this man all these things? "And aren't His sisters all with us? So where did this Man get all these things?"
57 And they were offended in him. But Jesus said unto them, A prophet is not without honour, save in his own country, and in his own house. And they rejected Him. So Jesus told them, "A prophet is not without honor, except in his own country and in his own house."
58 And he did not many mighty works there because of their unbelief. And he didn't perform many wonderful deeds there, on account of their unbelief. "might works" may be replaced by "miracles", but "wonderful deeds" perhaps better captures the meaning

Chapter 14

Verse King James Version Proposed Conservative Translation Analysis
1 At that time Herod the tetrarch heard of the fame of Jesus, At that time, Herod the tetrarch heard the news about Jesus. This is Herod Antipas, the immediate successor to Herod the Great.
2 And said unto his servants, This is John the Baptist; he is risen from the dead; and therefore mighty works do shew forth themselves in him. He told his servants, "This is John the Baptist. He must have risen from the dead, and that's why these extraordinary signs take place through him." "might works" -> "extraordinary signs," rather than "miracles"
3 For Herod had laid hold on John, and bound him, and put him in prison for Herodias' sake, his brother Philip's wife. Herod Antipas had earlier had John arrested, put under restraint, and put in prison for the sake of Herodias, the wife of his brother Herod Philip,
4 For John said unto him, It is not lawful for thee to have her. because John used to tell him, "You may not have her for a wife."
5 And when he would have put him to death, he feared the multitude, because they counted him as a prophet. He wanted to have him executed, but he was afraid of the crowd, because they considered him a prophet.
6 But when Herod's birthday was kept, the daughter of Herodias danced before them, and pleased Herod. But on the occasion of Herod's birthday, Herodias' daughter danced in the middle of the men and pleased Herod.
7 Whereupon he promised with an oath to give her whatsoever she would ask. For that reason he swore to her that he would give her whatever she asked.
8 And she, being before instructed of her mother, said, Give me here John Baptist's head in a charger. She, having before been prompted by her mother, said, "Give me the head of John the Baptist on a plate."
9 And the king was sorry: nevertheless for the oath's sake, and them which sat with him at meat, he commanded it to be given her. And the king was distressed. But because he had sworn before his dinner guests, who were watching this whole affair, he gave orders that it be given to her.
10 And he sent, and beheaded John in the prison. He sent orders to the prison to cut John's head off.
11 And his head was brought in a charger, and given to the damsel: and she brought it to her mother. His head was brought in on a plate, and given to the girl, and she brought it to her mother.
12 And his disciples came, and took up the body, and buried it, and went and told Jesus. His students came, claimed the body, and buried it, and went and told Jesus.
13 When Jesus heard of it, he departed thence by ship into a desert place apart: and when the people had heard thereof, they followed him on foot out of the cities. When Jesus heard about it, He left that place by boat and went to a desert place. When the people heard about this, they followed Him on foot out of the cities.
14 And Jesus went forth, and saw a great multitude, and was moved with compassion toward them, and he healed their sick. Jesus went out and saw a great crowd, and had pity on them, and healed those among them who were ill.
15 And when it was evening, his disciples came to him, saying, This is a desert place, and the time is now past; send the multitude away, that they may go into the villages, and buy themselves victuals. That evening, his students came to him, saying, "This place is a desert, and it's late. Send the crowd away, so that they might go into the villages and buy themselves something to eat."
16 But Jesus said unto them, They need not depart; give ye them to eat. But Jesus told them, "They don't have to leave; why don't you give them something to eat?"
17 And they say unto him, We have here but five loaves, and two fishes. And they told Him, "We have only five loaves of bread and two fish."
18 He said, Bring them hither to me. He said, "Bring them here to Me."
19 And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the grass, and took the five loaves, and the two fishes, and looking up to heaven, he blessed, and brake, and gave the loaves to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude. And He ordered thr crowd to sit down on the grass, and took the five loaves and two fish. Looking up to heaven, he broke the loaves and gave them to His students, and the students gave them to the crowd.
20 And they did all eat, and were filled: and they took up of the fragments that remained twelve baskets full. They all ate, and were satisfied. They filled twelve small baskets with the leftover pieces of bread.
21 And they that had eaten were about five thousand men, beside women and children. About five thousand men, in addition to women and children, had eaten.
22 And straightway Jesus constrained his disciples to get into a ship, and to go before him unto the other side, while he sent the multitudes away. At once Jesus ordered His students to get aboard a boat, and to go ahead of Him to the opposite shore, while He sent the crowds away.
23 And when he had sent the multitudes away, he went up into a mountain apart to pray: and when the evening was come, he was there alone. When He had sent the crowds away, He went up into a mountain to pray in private. When evening fell, He was there alone.
24 But the ship was now in the midst of the sea, tossed with waves: for the wind was contrary. The boat had already gone furlongs away from land and was tossed by the waves, because the wind was a contrary wind.
25 And in the fourth watch of the night Jesus went unto them, walking on the sea. In the fourth watch of the night Jesus went out to them, walking on top of the sea. Day and night were commonly divided into watches, each roughly an hour long, beginning at sunrise or sunset. Depending on the season of the year, this episode could have happened at around 10:00 p.m. local time.
26 And when the disciples saw him walking on the sea, they were troubled, saying, It is a spirit; and they cried out for fear. And when the students saw him walking on top of the sea, they were troubled, and said among themselves, "It's a ghost!" And they cried out in fear. The Greek word φαντασμα or phantasma means the same thing today as it did then: something that someone sees that is not really there.
27 But straightway Jesus spake unto them, saying, Be of good cheer; it is I; be not afraid. And immediately Jesus spoke to them, saying, "Cheer up! It's I. Don't be afraid."
28 And Peter answered him and said, Lord, if it be thou, bid me come unto thee on the water. And Peter in answer said, "Lord, if that's You, tell me to come to You on top of the water." Peter is asking for a "sign."
29 And he said, Come. And when Peter was come down out of the ship, he walked on the water, to go to Jesus. And He said, "Come." And Peter got down out of the boat and walked on the water, to go to Jesus.
30 But when he saw the wind boisterous, he was afraid; and beginning to sink, he cried, saying, Lord, save me. But when he saw how the wind was blowing, he was afraid. He started sinking, and cried out, "Lord, save me!"
31 And immediately Jesus stretched forth his hand, and caught him, and said unto him, O thou of little faith, wherefore didst thou doubt? At once Jesus held out His hand, and caught him. And He asked him, "You of little faith, why didn't you trust Me?"
32 And when they were come into the ship, the wind ceased. They went aboard the boat, and the wind stopped blowing.
33 Then they that were in the ship came and worshipped him, saying, Of a truth thou art the Son of God. Then those who were in the boat came and fell down at His feet, saying, "You are definitely the Son of God!"
34 And when they were gone over, they came into the land of Gennesaret. And when they had crossed the lake, they came into the country of Gennesaret.
35 And when the men of that place had knowledge of him, they sent out into all that country round about, and brought unto him all that were diseased; And when the men of that place realized that He was present, they sent messengers into all the surrounding countryside, and brought to Him everyone who had anything wrong with them,
36 And besought him that they might only touch the hem of his garment: and as many as touched were made perfectly whole. and begged Him merely to let them touch the hem of His robe. Whoever so touched Him was made well.

Chapter 15

Verse King James Version Proposed Conservative Translation Analysis
1 Then came to Jesus scribes and Pharisees, which were of Jerusalem, saying, Then several scribes and Pharisees from Jerusalem came to Jesus, and said,
2 Why do thy disciples transgress the tradition of the elders? for they wash not their hands when they eat bread. "Why do your students break the tradition of the elders? They don't wash their hands when they eat bread." The hand-washing was a ritual exercise, another part of the Pharisees' body of extra-Biblical regulations.
3 But he answered and said unto them, Why do ye also transgress the commandment of God by your tradition? But He in answer asked them, "Why do you also break the commandment of God by means of your tradition?
4 For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death. "God gave this command: 'Honor your father and your mother,' and 'Anyone who curses his father or mother, let him be put to death.'
5 But ye say, Whosoever shall say to his father or his mother, It is a gift, by whatsoever thou mightest be profited by me; "But you say, 'Whoever says to his father or his mother, "If I help you in any way, I'm doing you a favor,"
6 And honour not his father or his mother, he shall be free. Thus have ye made the commandment of God of none effect by your tradition. "'then he does not honor his father.' You have canceled the Truth of God by your tradition. The Byzantine manuscripts add "or his mother." And no manuscript has words that would translate as "he shall be set free" or words to any such effect.
7 Ye hypocrites, well did Esaias prophesy of you, saying, "You hypocrites, Isaiah prophesied accurately about you, when he said,
8 This people draweth nigh unto me with their mouth, and honoureth me with their lips; but their heart is far from me. "'This people draws close to Me with their mouth, and honors Me with their lips, but their heart is far from Me.
9 But in vain they do worship me, teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. "'But they woship Me in vain, when they teach the commandments of men as if they were doctrines.'"
10 And he called the multitude, and said unto them, Hear, and understand: And He summoned the crowd, and said to them, "Hear and understand:
11 Not that which goeth into the mouth defileth a man; but that which cometh out of the mouth, this defileth a man. "It is not what goes into the mouth that makes a man unclean, but what comes out of the mouth, this is what makes a man unclean."
12 Then came his disciples, and said unto him, Knowest thou that the Pharisees were offended, after they heard this saying? Then His students came and said to him, "Did you know that the Pharisees were shocked after hearing what You said?"
13 But he answered and said, Every plant, which my heavenly Father hath not planted, shall be rooted up. But in answer He said, "Every plant that My heavenly Father has not planted will be torn up by its roots.
14 Let them alone: they be blind leaders of the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both shall fall into the ditch. "Let them be. They are the blind leading the blind. And if the blind lead the blind, both will fall into the ditch."
15 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Declare unto us this parable. Then Peter in answer said, "Explain this parable to us."
16 And Jesus said, Are ye also yet without understanding? And Jesus said, "Don't you understand anything yet?
17 Do not ye yet understand, that whatsoever entereth in at the mouth goeth into the belly, and is cast out into the draught? "Don't you understand yet, that whatever goes in at the mouth goes into the belly, and is thrown down the toilet?
18 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man. "But those things that come out of the mouth come from the heart, and they make the man unclean.
19 For out of the heart proceed evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, fornications, thefts, false witness, blasphemies: "Because from the heart come evil thoughts, murders, adulteries, sexually immoral thoughts and acts, lies, and blasphemies.
20 These are the things which defile a man: but to eat with unwashen hands defileth not a man. "These are what make a man unclean. But to eat with unwashed hands won't make a man unclean."
21 Then Jesus went thence, and departed into the coasts of Tyre and Sidon. Then Jesus went away from that place, and traveled to the coastal regions of Tyre and Sidon.
22 And, behold, a woman of Canaan came out of the same coasts, and cried unto him, saying, Have mercy on me, O Lord, thou Son of David; my daughter is grievously vexed with a devil. And a woman from Canaan came out of those same coastal regions, and cried out to him, saying, "Take pity on me, O Lord, Son of David. My daughter is terribly oppressed with a demon."
23 But he answered her not a word. And his disciples came and besought him, saying, Send her away; for she crieth after us. But He didn't say a word to her in answer. And his student came and begged him, saying, "Send her away, because she keeps crying out after us."
24 But he answered and said, I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. But He said in answer, "I am sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel."
25 Then came she and worshipped him, saying, Lord, help me. Then she came and fell down at His feet, saying, "Lord, help me."
26 But he answered and said, It is not meet to take the children's bread, and to cast it to dogs. And in answer He said, "It is not proper to take the children's bread and throw it to the dogs."
27 And she said, Truth, Lord: yet the dogs eat of the crumbs which fall from their masters' table. And she said, "Yes, Lord. But the dogs eat from the crumbs that fall from their masters' table."
28 Then Jesus answered and said unto her, O woman, great is thy faith: be it unto thee even as thou wilt. And her daughter was made whole from that very hour. Then Jesus in answer said, "Woman, your faith is great. Let it be to you even as you wish." And her daughter was made well in that very moment. This is one of several examples of action-at-a-distance in the Gospels. See also Counterexamples to Relativity.
29 And Jesus departed from thence, and came nigh unto the sea of Galilee; and went up into a mountain, and sat down there. And Jesus left that place, and came close to the sea of Galilee, and went up into a mountain and sat down there.
30 And great multitudes came unto him, having with them those that were lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and cast them down at Jesus' feet; and he healed them: Great crowds came to him, having with them people that were lame, blind, mute, maimed, and many others. They set them down at Jesus' ffeet, and He healed them,
31 Insomuch that the multitude wondered, when they saw the dumb to speak, the maimed to be whole, the lame to walk, and the blind to see: and they glorified the God of Israel. so that the crowd were bug-eye amazed, when they saw mute people speak, maimed people made whole, lame people walk, and blind people see. And they gave glory to the God of Israel.
32 Then Jesus called his disciples unto him, and said, I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me now three days, and have nothing to eat: and I will not send them away fasting, lest they faint in the way. Then Jesus called His students to Him, and said, "I have compassion on the crowd, because they have been keeping up with Me now for three days, and have nothing to eat. I will not send them away hungry; they would pass out on the road if I did."
33 And his disciples say unto him, Whence should we have so much bread in the wilderness, as to fill so great a multitude? And His students said to Him, "Where can we find enough bread out here in the desert, to feed a big crowd like this?"
34 And Jesus saith unto them, How many loaves have ye? And they said, Seven, and a few little fishes. And Jesus said to them, "How many loaves to you have?" And they said, "Seven, and a few little fish."
35 And he commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground. And he ordered the crowd to sit down on the ground.
36 And he took the seven loaves and the fishes, and gave thanks, and brake them, and gave to his disciples, and the disciples to the multitude. And He took the seven loaves and the fish, and gave thanks, and broke them, and gave them to his students, and the students gave them to the crowd.
37 And they did all eat, and were filled: and they took up of the broken meat that was left seven baskets full. And all of them ate, and were satisfied. They took up the leftovers in seven large baskets.
38 And they that did eat were four thousand men, beside women and children. And four thousand men, in addition to women and children, ate that meal.
39 And he sent away the multitude, and took ship, and came into the coasts of Magdala, And he sent the crowd away, and boarded a boat, and came to the coastal region of Magdala.

Chapter 16

Verse King James Version Proposed Conservative Translation Analysis
1 The Pharisees also with the Sadducees came, and tempting desired him that he would shew them a sign from heaven. The Pharisees and some Sadducees came and, wishing to test Him, asked Him to show them a sign from heaven.
2 He answered and said unto them, When it is evening, ye say, It will be fair weather: for the sky is red. In answer, He said to them, "When it is evening, you say, 'The weather will be fair, because the sky is red.' The Greek word πυρραζει or purrhadzei means red like fire.
3 And in the morning, It will be foul weather to day: for the sky is red and lowring. O ye hypocrites, ye can discern the face of the sky; but can ye not discern the signs of the times? "And in the morning, 'The weather will be bad today, because the sky is red and threatening.' Do you mean to say that on the one hand, you can read the sky, but on the other hand, you can't read the signs of the times? The provenance of verses 2 and 3 is doubtful. And no manuscript has any expression including the word for "hypocrites."
4 A wicked and adulterous generation seeketh after a sign; and there shall no sign be given unto it, but the sign of the prophet Jonas. And he left them, and departed. "A wicked and adulterous generation looks for a sign, but the only sign they're going to get is the sign of the prophet Jonah." And He left them and went away.
5 And when his disciples were come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread. And when His students had come to the other side, they had forgotten to take bread.
6 Then Jesus said unto them, Take heed and beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. Then Jesus told them, "Be careful and watch out for the yeast of the Pharisees and the Sadducees."
7 And they reasoned among themselves, saying, It is because we have taken no bread. And they said to themselves, "He said that because we haven't taken any bread with us."
8 Which when Jesus perceived, he said unto them, O ye of little faith, why reason ye among yourselves, because ye have brought no bread? When Jesus realized this, he told them, "You of little faith, why do you tell yourselves that it's because you didn't bring any bread?
9 Do ye not yet understand, neither remember the five loaves of the five thousand, and how many baskets ye took up? "Don't you understand yet, or even remember the five loaves used to feed the five thousand, and how many small baskets you took up?
10 Neither the seven loaves of the four thousand, and how many baskets ye took up? "Or the seven loaves used to feed the four thousand, and how many large baskets you took up?
11 How is it that ye do not understand that I spake it not to you concerning bread, that ye should beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees? "How can you fail to understand that I wasn't talking to you about bread, when I said that you should watch out for the yeast of the Pharisees and the Sadducees?"
12 Then understood they how that he bade them not beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the Pharisees and of the Sadducees. Then they understood that He was telling them not to watch out for literal bread baker's yeast, but the teachings of the Pharisees and the Sadducees. Some manuscripts have "yeast of the breads" (plural); others singular.
13 When Jesus came into the coasts of Caesarea Philippi, he asked his disciples, saying, Whom do men say that I the Son of man am? When Jesus came to the coastlines of Caesaria Philippi, He asked His students, "Whom do men say that I, the Son, a human being, am?"
14 And they said, Some say that thou art John the Baptist: some, Elias; and others, Jeremias, or one of the prophets. And they said, "Some people say that you are John the Baptist; some say that you are Elijah; other say that you are Jeremiah or one of the prophets."
15 He saith unto them, But whom say ye that I am? He said to them, "But whom do you say that I am?"
16 And Simon Peter answered and said, Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God. And Simon Peter in answer said, "You are the Anointed One, the Son of the Living God." The Greek word Χριστος (Christos) and the Hebrew word משיח or Moshiach (anglicized to Messiah) both mean the same thing: one anointed with oil.
17 And Jesus answered and said unto him, Blessed art thou, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood hath not revealed it unto thee, but my Father which is in heaven. And Jesus said in answer, "Blessed are you, Simon son of Jonah. Because flesh and blood have not revealed it to you, but rather my Father in heaven. The Hebrew word בר or bar means "descendant of."
18 And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. "And I say also to you: Your name is Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church, and the gates of Hell will not win against it. The Greek name Πετρος or Petros literally means "Rocky."
18b And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. And I say to you, You are Peter (Rock) and upon this Rock I will build My Church. The very Gates of Hell shall be breached by it! People commonly imagine that this passage indicates that the Church will withstand the attack of Hell upon it as if the Church is likened unto a fortress founded on an impregnable rock. A different view is in the footnote,[1]
19 And I will give unto thee the keys of the kingdom of heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever thou shalt loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. "And I will give you the keys of the Kingdom of heaven. Whatever you make binding on earth will be binding in heaven, and whatever you set loose on earth will be set loose in heaven." Does this foretell the effect of the observer on eliminating uncertainty in quantum mechanics, which was not discovered until 2000 years later?
20 Then charged he his disciples that they should tell no man that he was Jesus the Christ. Then he gave His students an order to tell no man that He was Jesus the Christ.
21 From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples, how that he must go unto Jerusalem, and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised again the third day. From that time forward, Jesus began to demonstrate to His students that He would have to go to Jerusalem and suffer much harsh treatment from the elders and leading priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised up on the third day. To be more specific, He would stand trial before the Sanhedrin in Jerusalem.
22 Then Peter took him, and began to rebuke him, saying, Be it far from thee, Lord: this shall not be unto thee. Then Peter took him aside and began to scold Him, saying, "Far from it, Lord! This will never happen to You." The literal Greek says, "Far from you."
23 But he turned, and said unto Peter, Get thee behind me, Satan: thou art an offence unto me: for thou savourest not the things that be of God, but those that be of men. But He turned and said to Peter, "Get behind Me, Satan! You are a stumbling block to Me. You're not thinking about the things of God, but rather the things of men."
24 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, If any man will come after me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and follow me. Then Jesus told His students, "If any man wants to come after Me, he must deny himself, take up his cross, and follow Me. An illustration of total commitment, with no turning back, and even a willingness to die.
25 For whosoever will save his life shall lose it: and whosoever will lose his life for my sake shall find it. "For whoever saves his life will lose it, and whoever loses his life for My sake will find it.
26 For what is a man profited, if he shall gain the whole world, and lose his own soul? or what shall a man give in exchange for his soul? "For how is a man better off, if he wins the whole world, and loses his own soul? And what can a man pay to buy back his soul? didōmi means "pay" as in a commercial transaction, not "give" with its modern connotation of receiving nothing in return; ἀντάλλαγμα: means "what is given either in order to keep or to acquire anything,"[2] i.e., buying something.
27 For the Son of man shall come in the glory of his Father with his angels; and then he shall reward every man according to his works. "For the Son, a human being, will come in the glory of His Father with His messengers, and then He will reward every man according to the things he did.
28 Verily I say unto you, There be some standing here, which shall not taste of death, till they see the Son of man coming in his kingdom. "I tell you truly: Some people are standing here that will not experience death until they actually see the Son, a human being, coming in His Kingdom."

Chapter 17

Verse King James Version Proposed Conservative Translation Analysis
1 And after six days Jesus taketh Peter, James, and John his brother, and bringeth them up into an high mountain apart, Six days later, Jesus took Peter, James, and his brother John, and brought them up into a high mountain for a private meeting,
2 And was transfigured before them: and his face did shine as the sun, and his raiment was white as the light. and he was transfigured before their eyes, and his face shone like the sun, and his clothes were as white as light.
3 And, behold, there appeared unto them Moses and Elias talking with him. And Moses and Elijah appeared, and talked with him.
4 Then answered Peter, and said unto Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, let us make here three tabernacles; one for thee, and one for Moses, and one for Elias. Peter said in answer to Jesus, "Lord, it is good for us to be here. If you wish, I will make three tents: one for you, and one for Moses, and one for Elijah." The Byzantine manuscripts say "we will make three tents," but the best manuscripts use the first person singular, not plural.
5 While he yet spake, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, which said, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased; hear ye him. While he was still speaking, a bright cloud threw its shadow over them, and a voice came out of the cloud, saying, "This is my beloved Son, with Whom I am well pleased. Listen to Him."
6 And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their face, and were sore afraid. And when the students heard it, they fell on their faces and were very much afraid.
7 And Jesus came and touched them, and said, Arise, and be not afraid. And Jesus came and touched them, and said, "Get up, and stop being afraid."
8 And when they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no man, save Jesus only. And when they look up, they saw no one else but Jesus.
9 And as they came down from the mountain, Jesus charged them, saying, Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of man be risen again from the dead. And as they were coming down from the mountain, Jesus gave orders to them: "Don't talk about this vision to anyone, until the Son, a human being, rises from the dead."
10 And his disciples asked him, saying, Why then say the scribes that Elias must first come? And His students asked Him, "Why do the scribes say that Elijah must come first?"
11 And Jesus answered and said unto them, Elias truly shall first come, and restore all things. And Jesus told them, "Of course Elijah has to come first, and restore everything.
12 But I say unto you, That Elias is come already, and they knew him not, but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them. "But I tell you that Elijah has already come, and they didn't recognize him, but have done to him what they wanted. Likewise also the Son, a human being, has to suffer at their hands."
13 Then the disciples understood that he spake unto them of John the Baptist. Then the students understood that He was talking to them about John the Baptist.
14 And when they were come to the multitude, there came to him a certain man, kneeling down to him, and saying, And when they had come to the crowd, a certain man came to Him, kneeling down to Him, and saying,
15 Lord, have mercy on my son: for he is lunatick, and sore vexed: for ofttimes he falleth into the fire, and oft into the water. "Lord, have mercy on my son. He is mentally disturbed, and severely afflicted. He will often fall into fire and often into water. Again Matthew uses the word best translated as "moonstruck" to describe the patient's condition.
16 And I brought him to thy disciples, and they could not cure him. "And I brought him to Your students, and they couldn't cure him."
17 Then Jesus answered and said, O faithless and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? how long shall I suffer you? bring him hither to me. Then Jesus in answer said, "Oh you faithless and perverse generation, how long am I going to be with you, and how long am I going to put up with you? Bring him here to Me.":
18 And Jesus rebuked the devil; and he departed out of him: and the child was cured from that very hour. And Jesus scolded the demon, and he came out of him, and the child was cured from that very moment.
19 Then came the disciples to Jesus apart, and said, Why could not we cast him out? Then the students came to Jesus privately, and said, "Why couldn't we throw him out?"
20 And Jesus said unto them, Because of your unbelief: for verily I say unto you, If ye have faith as a grain of mustard seed, ye shall say unto this mountain, Remove hence to yonder place; and it shall remove; and nothing shall be impossible unto you. And Jesus told them, "It was on account of your lack of faith. Because I tell you truly, that if you have faith like a grain of mustard seed, you can say to this mountain, 'Take yourself away from here to someplace else,' and it will move, and nothing will be impossible for you." The Byzantine manuscripts speak of total unbelief, but most reliable manuscripts speak of a relative lack of faith. It's the same expression that Jesus uses to say, "You of little faith."
21 Howbeit this kind goeth not out but by prayer and fasting. ["But this kind doesn't go out except by prayer and fasting."] The provenance of this verse is disputed.
22 And while they abode in Galilee, Jesus said unto them, The Son of man shall be betrayed into the hands of men: And while they were staying in Galilee, Jesus told them, "The Son, a human being, will be betrayed into the hands of men.
23 And they shall kill him, and the third day he shall be raised again. And they were exceeding sorry. "And they will kill Him, and the third day He will rise again." And they were very sorry to hear that.
24 And when they were come to Capernaum, they that received tribute money came to Peter, and said, Doth not your master pay tribute? And when they came back to Capernaum, the Temple tax collectors came to Peter, and said, "Doesn't your Teacher pay the Temple tax?" The Greek word used is διδραχμα or didrachma, a two-drachma (roughly two-pound) tax that every Jew was expected to pay every year for the upkeep of the Temple of Jerusalem.
25 He saith, Yes. And when he was come into the house, Jesus prevented him, saying, What thinkest thou, Simon? of whom do the kings of the earth take custom or tribute? of their own children, or of strangers? He said, "Yes." And when he had come into the house, Jesus stopped him, saying, "What are you thinking, Simon? Whom do the kings of the earth collect value-added and capitation taxes from? From their own children, or from foreigners?" The Greek text uses two separate words for "tax": τελος (telos) and κηνσος (kensos). The kensos is the Latin census tax, called a capitation or head tax (and amounted to one Roman dinar, or one day's wages). The telos, literally "termination," was probably a value-added tax.
26 Peter saith unto him, Of strangers. Jesus saith unto him, Then are the children free. Peter said to Him, "From foreigners." Jesus said to him, "Then the children are free.
27 Notwithstanding, lest we should offend them, go thou to the sea, and cast an hook, and take up the fish that first cometh up; and when thou hast opened his mouth, thou shalt find a piece of money: that take, and give unto them for me and thee. "Still, so that we won't shock them, go to the sea, throw out a hook, and take the first fish that bites. When you open his mouth, you'll find a piece of money in it. Take that, and give it to them for me and for you." Jesus provides the tax money with a miracle. It's a minor miracle, but it illustrates an important principle: with God, nothing happens at random.

Chapter 18

Verse King James Version Proposed Conservative Translation Analysis
1 At the same time came the disciples unto Jesus, saying, Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven? In that hour the students came to Jesus, and said, "Who is greatest in the Kingdom of heaven?"
2 And Jesus called a little child unto him, and set him in the midst of them, And Jesus called a little child to him, and had that child stand in the middle of them,
3 And said, Verily I say unto you, Except ye be converted, and become as little children, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven. And said, "I tell you truly, unless you have been converted, and become like little children, you will not get into the Kingdom of heaven.
4 Whosoever therefore shall humble himself as this little child, the same is greatest in the kingdom of heaven. "So any person who humbles himself like this little child, will be greatest in the Kingdom of heaven.
5 And whoso shall receive one such little child in my name receiveth me. "And any person who receives even one little child like this in My Name receives Me.
6 But whoso shall offend one of these little ones which believe in me, it were better for him that a millstone were hanged about his neck, and that he were drowned in the depth of the sea. "But if any person causes one of these little ones who believe in Me to sin, it would be better for him if he had a very large millstone hung around his neck and he were drowned in the deep sea.
7 Woe unto the world because of offences! for it must needs be that offences come; but woe to that man by whom the offence cometh! "How terrible it will be for the world because of stumbling blocks! Stumbling blocks must come, but woe to that man by whom the stumbling block comes!
8 Wherefore if thy hand or thy foot offend thee, cut them off, and cast them from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life halt or maimed, rather than having two hands or two feet to be cast into everlasting fire. "So if your hand or foot causes you to sin, cut them off, and throw them away from you: it is better to enter into life crippled or maimed than to have two hands or two feet and be thrown into the everlasting fire.
9 And if thine eye offend thee, pluck it out, and cast it from thee: it is better for thee to enter into life with one eye, rather than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire. "And if your eye causes you to sin, gouge it out and throw it away from you: it is better for you to enter into life blind in one eye, than to have two eyes and be thrown into hellfire.
10 Take heed that ye despise not one of these little ones; for I say unto you, That in heaven their angels do always behold the face of my Father which is in heaven. "Be careful not to look down on one of these little ones. For I tell you that in heaven their messengers always look at the face of My Father in heaven.
11 For the Son of man is come to save that which was lost. "[For the Son, a human being, came to save what was lost.] The provenance of this verse is disputed.
12 How think ye? if a man have an hundred sheep, and one of them be gone astray, doth he not leave the ninety and nine, and goeth into the mountains, and seeketh that which is gone astray? "What do you think? If a man has a hundred sheep, and one of them were to wander off, wouldn't he leave the ninety-nine sheep and go into the mountains to look for the wandering sheep?
13 And if so be that he find it, verily I say unto you, he rejoiceth more of that sheep, than of the ninety and nine which went not astray. "And if he found it, I tell you truly: he would rejoice more about that sheep, than about the ninety-nine sheep that didn't wander off.
14 Even so it is not the will of your Father which is in heaven, that one of these little ones should perish. "Thus it is not the wish of your Father in heaven that one of these little ones should die.
15 Moreover if thy brother shall trespass against thee, go and tell him his fault between thee and him alone: if he shall hear thee, thou hast gained thy brother. "Furthermore: if your brother should sin against you, go and show him what he did wrong between you and him alone. If he listens to you, then you have won your brother over.
16 But if he will not hear thee, then take with thee one or two more, that in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be established. "But if he won't hear you, then take with you one or two others, so that 'in the mouth of two or three witnesses every word may be given standing.'
17 And if he shall neglect to hear them, tell it unto the church: but if he neglect to hear the church, let him be unto thee as an heathen man and a publican. "And if he refuses to listen to them, then tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen to the church, then regard him as you would a foreigner and a tax collector.
18 Verily I say unto you, Whatsoever ye shall bind on earth shall be bound in heaven: and whatsoever ye shall loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. "I tell you truly: whatever you make binding on earth will be binding in heaven, and whatever you set loose on earth will be set loose in heaven.
19 Again I say unto you, That if two of you shall agree on earth as touching any thing that they shall ask, it shall be done for them of my Father which is in heaven. "Again I tell you that if two of you agree on earth with respect to anything that they ask, it will be done for them by My Father in heaven. The Greek word for agree is συμφονεομεν or symphoneomen, meaning "We speak with one voice," from which comes the modern word symphony.
20 For where two or three are gathered together in my name, there am I in the midst of them. "For where two or three come together in My Name, I am present in their midst."
21 Then came Peter to him, and said, Lord, how oft shall my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? till seven times? Then Peter came to Him, and said, "Lord, how often will my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? Seven times?"
22 Jesus saith unto him, I say not unto thee, Until seven times: but, Until seventy times seven. Jesus told him, "I don't tell you seven times. I tell you, seventy times seven.
23 Therefore is the kingdom of heaven likened unto a certain king, which would take account of his servants. "In this context the kingdom of heaven is like a certain king, who was taking an audit from his slaves.
24 And when he had begun to reckon, one was brought unto him, which owed him ten thousand talents. "And when he had started his audit, one was brought to him, who owed him ten thousand talents. The talent was the weight of any precious metal that a man could carry on his back. This amounted roughly to seventy-five Avoirdupois pounds, or thirty kilograms. In today's debased money, a single talent would have a value of one and a quarter million United States dollars.
25 But forasmuch as he had not to pay, his lord commanded him to be sold, and his wife, and children, and all that he had, and payment to be made. "But seeing that he did not have the money to pay, his lord ordered him to be sold, along with his wife and children and everything he had, to satisfy the debt.
26 The servant therefore fell down, and worshipped him, saying, Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. "So the slave fell down and kissed his feet, saying, 'Lord, have patience with me, and I will pay you all.'
27 Then the lord of that servant was moved with compassion, and loosed him, and forgave him the debt. "Then that slave's lord took pity on him, and set him free, and forgave him the debt.
28 But the same servant went out, and found one of his fellowservants, which owed him an hundred pence: and he laid hands on him, and took him by the throat, saying, Pay me that thou owest. "But that slave went out, and found one of his fellow slaves who owed him a hundred shillings. He laid hands on him, and took him by the throat, and said, 'Pay me what you owe.' The actual Roman coin referred to was the denarius, or dinar, worth roughly as much as an old British shilling.
29 And his fellowservant fell down at his feet, and besought him, saying, Have patience with me, and I will pay thee all. "And his fellow slave fell down at his feet, and begged him, saying, 'Have patience with me, and I will pay you all.'
30 And he would not: but went and cast him into prison, till he should pay the debt. "But he would not. Instead he went and had him thrown into prison, until he paid the debt.
31 So when his fellowservants saw what was done, they were very sorry, and came and told unto their lord all that was done. "So when his fellow slaves saw what had been done, they were very sorry, and came and told their lord everything that had happened.
32 Then his lord, after that he had called him, said unto him, O thou wicked servant, I forgave thee all that debt, because thou desiredst me: "Then his lord, after he had called him, said to him, 'You wicked slave, I forgave you all that debt, because you asked me to.
33 Shouldest not thou also have had compassion on thy fellowservant, even as I had pity on thee? "'Shouldn't you also have had pity on your fellow slave, even as I had pity on you?'
34 And his lord was wroth, and delivered him to the tormentors, till he should pay all that was due unto him. "And his lord was as angry as a magistrate might be, and delivered him to the torturers, until he should pay all that was due to him.
35 So likewise shall my heavenly Father do also unto you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses. "So likewise My heavenly Father will do also to you, unless each and every one of you forgives his brother his sins, from your hearts."

Chapter 19

Verse King James Version Proposed Conservative Translation Analysis
1 And it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished these sayings, he departed from Galilee, and came into the coasts of Judaea beyond Jordan; And it happened, when Jesus had finished saying these things, He left Galilee and came into the coastal regions of Judea beyond the Jordan.
2 And great multitudes followed him; and he healed them there. Great crowds followed Him, and He healed them there.
3 The Pharisees also came unto him, tempting him, and saying unto him, Is it lawful for a man to put away his wife for every cause? The Pharisees also came to Him, to test Him, and said to Him, "May a man divorce his wife for every cause?"
4 And he answered and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which made them at the beginning made them male and female, And in answer He asked them, "Haven't you read, that He Who created them at the beginning 'made them male and female,' The Byzantine manuscripts have "made" rather than "created." The quote is from Genesis 1, but though the Septuagint renders the original verb "made," the Masoretic Text has "created."
5 And said, For this cause shall a man leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: and they twain shall be one flesh? "And said, 'For this cause a man will leave his father and mother, and unite himself to his wife, and the two of them will be one flesh'?
6 Wherefore they are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore God hath joined together, let not man put asunder. "So they aren't two anymore, but one flesh. So what God has joined together, don't let man tear apart."
7 They say unto him, Why did Moses then command to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away? Then they said to Him, "Then why did Moses give an order to give a bill of divorcement, and to divorce her?"
8 He saith unto them, Moses because of the hardness of your hearts suffered you to put away your wives: but from the beginning it was not so. He told them, "Moses let you divorce your wives on account of your hardheartedness. But it was not that way from the beginning.
9 And I say unto you, Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away doth commit adultery. "And I tell you that anyone who divorces his wife, unless he does it by reason of improper behavior before the wedding, and marries someone else, commits adultery." Again, Matthew was speaking of ancient Jewish betrothal customs, under which an engaged couple were considered as good as married, unless the engaged girl had been found to have behaved improperly before the wedding. Luke, writing as he did to Gentiles, would not need to make any such distinction.
10 His disciples say unto him, If the case of the man be so with his wife, it is not good to marry. His students said to Him, "If that's the case of the man with his wife, then maybe one shouldn't get married." Paul of Tarsus would return to this very theme; see 1_Corinthians 7:1-7 .
11 But he said unto them, All men cannot receive this saying, save they to whom it is given. But He told them, "Not all men can accept this ideal, but only those to whom it is given. See also 1_Corinthians 7:7 .
12 For there are some eunuchs, which were so born from their mother's womb: and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake. He that is able to receive it, let him receive it. "For there are some eunuchs, who were born that way from their mother's womb, and other eunuchs who were made eunuchs by men. And there are those eunuchs who have made themselves eunuchs for the sake of the Kingdom of heaven. He who can accept this ideal, let him accept it." A eunuch is literally one who has been castrated. Some men had this surgery done on them to make them eligible to serve in high-ranking households. Jesus does not ask that of men, but He figuratively suggests that a man might give up the privilege of marriage and intimacy to serve the Lord full-time.
13 Then were there brought unto him little children, that he should put his hands on them, and pray: and the disciples rebuked them. Then some little children were brought to Him there, so that He could lay His hands on them, and pray. The students scolded them.
14 But Jesus said, Suffer little children, and forbid them not, to come unto me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven. But Jesus said, "Allow the little children to come to Me, and don't tell them not to. The Kingdom of Heaven is made of just such persons."
15 And he laid his hands on them, and departed thence. And He laid His hands on them, and left that place.
16 And, behold, one came and said unto him, Good Master, what good thing shall I do, that I may have eternal life? Then someone came and said to Him, "Good Teacher, what good thing should I do, so that I may have eternal life?" Some manuscripts omit "Good teacher." However, because in the next verse Jesus scolds the young man for calling Him "good," the adjective should remain here.
17 And he said unto him, Why callest thou me good? there is none good but one, that is, God: but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments. And He said to him, "Why do you call me 'good'? There is only one good Person. And if you want to enter into life, keep the commandments."
18 He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, He said to Him, "Which ones?" Jesus said, "'Do not commit murder; do not commit adultery; do not steal; do not commit perjury;
19 Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. "'honor your father and mother,' and 'Love your neighbor as you love yourself.'"
20 The young man saith unto him, All these things have I kept from my youth up: what lack I yet? The young man said to Him, "I have kept all these things from my youth until now. What more must I do?"
21 Jesus said unto him, If thou wilt be perfect, go and sell that thou hast, and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in heaven: and come and follow me. Jesus told him, "If you want to be perfect, go and sell what you have, and give to the poor, and you will have treasure in heaven, and come and follow Me."
22 But when the young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowful: for he had great possessions. But when the young man heard that last, he went away feeling sorry, because he had many possessions.
23 Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say unto you, That a rich man shall hardly enter into the kingdom of heaven. Then Jesus told His students, "I tell you truly, that a rich man will enter the Kingdom of heaven only with difficulty.
24 And again I say unto you, It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom of God. And I say again to you, that it is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a needle, than for an idle miser to enter into the kingdom of God." "rich man" had a different connotation then than now. "Idle miser" better captures the original meaning.
25 When his disciples heard it, they were exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be saved? When His students heard that, they were very much amazed, and said, "Then who can be saved?"
26 But Jesus beheld them, and said unto them, With men this is impossible; but with God all things are possible. But Jesus looked them in the eye and told them, "With men this is impossible, but with God all things are possible."
27 Then answered Peter and said unto him, Behold, we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall we have therefore? Then Peter in answer said to Him, "We have given up everything and followed You. So what will we have?"
28 And Jesus said unto them, Verily I say unto you, That ye which have followed me, in the regeneration when the Son of man shall sit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. And Jesus told them, "I tell you truly: You who have followed Me, in the Regeneration event, when the Son, a human being, will sit on the throne of His glory, you will also sit on twelve thrones, to judge the twelve tribes of Israel.
29 And every one that hath forsaken houses, or brethren, or sisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for my name's sake, shall receive an hundredfold, and shall inherit everlasting life. "And everyone who has given up his house, or his brothers, or his sisters, or his father, or mother, or wife, or children, or lands, for the sake of My Name, will get back a hundred times as much, and will inherit everlasting life.
30 But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be first. "But many that are first will be last, and the last will be first."

Matthew 1-9 (Translated)
Matthew 20-28 (Translated)

References

  1. Some view this passage as meaning that the Church is on the offense and the Gates of Hell are on the defense, a defense which is failing. The Gates is a defensive device rather than an offensive weapon. The weapon is the Rock. That name had been given to Shim'on by Jesus and he was known throughout Scripture and in actual living by that name. But here the principle of "seeing beyond by seeing through" holds. When a name is given it often requires us to see through the person bearing the name and see, for instance, a whole series of events to happen - a name like "Maher Shalal Hash Baz", or a future task or mission to be - "Jesus", or a specific event, a description a recent past event and a portent of the future - from Jacob to "Israel", or the Character of God in His relation to Israel or man -"Yohanan". What can be seen through the name of Rock which Shim'on was to bear ? - the destruction of Satan's kingdom by the Kingdom of Heaven of which the Church was to be the elite unit in the forefront. Stones were known to be offensive weapons of the 1st century - the stones and boulders cast up by the launchers of the Roman legion against Masada. But the immediate reference to the Rock name born by Simon Peter was the Rock cut out without hands (just as, in Colossians, baptism is circumcision made without hands) which is the last Kingdom, set up by the God of Heaven and thrown against the next to last Kingdom utterly destroying it. "In the time of these kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom which shall never be destroyed, and this kingdom will not pass into the hands of another race; it shall shatter and destroy all the previous kingdoms, and itself last for ever - just as you saw [ "and I was looking and I saw a rock cut out of the mountain, a rock untouched by human hands and it struck..."] the stone untouched by hand break from the mountain and shatter iron, bronze, earthenware, silver and gold." Daniel 2: 44,45. See example 5 of New Testament understanding through the Jewish perspective
  2. http://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G465&t=KJV
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