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Mencius is the romanised form of the Chinese name Mengzi (Chinese: 孟子; Hanyu pinyin: Mèng Zǐ; Wade-Giles: Meng Tzu), was a celebrated Chinese sage.[1] He was a, a disciple, some say a grandson, of Confucius; he went up and down with his disciples from court to court in the country to persuade, particularly the ruling classes, to give heed to the words of wisdom, though in vain; after which, on his death, his followers collected his teachings in a book entitled the “Book of Meng-tze,” which is full of practical instruction (372‒289 B.C.).[1]


  1. 1.0 1.1 Nuttall Encyclopedia of General Knowledge, article on Mencius originally published in 1907 written by Reverend James Wood