Miami Herald v. Tornillo

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In Miami Herald Publishing Co. v. Tornillo, 418 U.S. 241, 258 (1974) a unanimous U.S. Supreme Court invalidated a right-of-reply state statute that required newspapers to print the reply of a candidate for public office whose personal character has been criticized by that newspaper's editorials.

The First Amendment erects a virtually insurmountable barrier between government and the print media so far as government tampering, in advance of publication, with news and editorial content is concerned.

Justices William Brennan and William Rehnquist concurred to emphasize that this holding did not affect "right of retraction" statutes that require newspapers to retract errors.