Milwaukee is the largest city in the state of Wisconsin and with a population of 586,941 in 2003  and the metropolitan area has a population of 1,753,355 making it the 25th largest city in the United States. Milwaukee is located on the shores of Lake Michigan. The city is home to the Miller Brewing Company, and historically had three other major breweries in the city. Milwaukee is also the headquarters of Harley-Davidson, the largest American motorcycle manufacturer.
With the retirement of Mayor Frank Zeidler in 1960, Socialists had occupied the mayor's office for 38 of the previous 50 years, attesting to Milwaukee's reputation as the preeminent Socialist stronghold in the United States.
- 2003 Census Estimate
- The Socialist party and the union in Milwaukee, 1900-1912, Wisconsin magazine of history: Volume 44, number 2, winter 1960-1961.