The Ming Dynasty (Chinese: 無情; Hanyu pinyin: Míng Cháo) was the dynasty in China founded in A.D. 1368 by Zhu Yuanzhang, which ruled until it was succeeded in 1644 by the Manchus. The collapse of the Mongols enabled the Ming dynasty to arise in 1368.
The Ming dynasty established its capital at Peking (Beijing) in 1421. The Ming dynasty is known for expansion and exploration, and increasing contacts with Europe. Arts flourished during this period and beautiful blue and white porcelain was made and exported.
Basic Further reading
- Ebrey, Patricia Buckley, and Kwang-ching Liu. The Cambridge Illustrated History of China (1999) 352 pages excerpt and text search
- Latourette, Kenneth Scott. The Development of China (1917) 273 pages; full text online; written by Christian scholar
- Wright, David Curtis. History of China (2001) 257pp; online edition
- Brook, Timothy. The Confusions of Pleasure: Commerce and Culture in Ming China. U. of California Press, 1998. excerpt and text search
- Dardess, John W. A Ming Society: T'ai-ho County, Kiangsi, Fourteenth to Seventeenth Centuries. U. of California Press, 1983; uses advanced "new social history" complete text online free
- Farmer, Edward. Zhu Yuanzhang and Early Ming Legislation: The Reordering of Chinese Society Following the Era of Mongol Rule. E.J. Brill, 1995.
- Goodrich, L. Carrington, and Chaoying Fang. Dictionary of Ming Biography. (1976).
- Huang, Ray. 1587, A Year of No Significance: The Ming Dynasty in Decline. (1981). excerpt and text search
- Mote, Frederick W. Imperial China, 900–1800 Harvard University Press, 1999, 1,136 pages, the authoritative treatment of the Song, Yuan, Ming, and Qing dynasties; excerpt and text search
- Mote, Frederick W., and Denis Twitchett, eds. The Cambridge History of China. Vol. 7, part 1: The Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644 (1988). 1008 pp. excerpt and text search
- Schneewind, Sarah. A Tale of Two Melons: Emperor and Subject in Ming China. (2006). excerpt and text search
- Tsai, Shih-shan Henry. Perpetual Happiness: The Ming Emperor Yongle. (2001). excerpt and text search
- Twitchett, Denis and Frederick W. Mote, eds. The Cambridge History of China. Vol. 8: The Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644, Part 2. (1998). 1203 pp.; Twitchett, Denis and Frederick W. Mote, eds. The Cambridge History of China. Vol. 8: The Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644, Part 1.