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In its most elementary form multiplication is the repeated addition of whole numbers or integers.

For example,

The result of a multiplication is the product. The numbers which are multiplied together are called factors.

In this context, it is also one of the most well-known commutative operations: It yields the same result, regardless of placement of numbers.

For example .

Multiplication also possesses the associative property.

The opposite of multiplication is division.

Properties of Multiplication

  • Multiplying any number by 1 yields that same number again. E.g.
  • Multiplying any number by 0 yields 0. E.g.

See also