# Multiplication

In its most elementary form multiplication is the repeated addition of whole numbers or integers.

For example, $3\times 2 = 2 + 2 + 2 = 6$

The result of a multiplication is the product. The numbers which are multiplied together are called factors.

In this context, it is also one of the most well-known commutative operations: It yields the same result, regardless of placement of numbers.

For example $3\times 2 = 2\times 3$.

Multiplication also possesses the associative property.

The opposite of multiplication is division.

## Properties of Multiplication

• Multiplying any number by 1 yields that same number again. E.g. $8\times 1 = 1$
• Multiplying any number by 0 yields 0. E.g. $7\times 0 = 0$