Muralism is a Mexican modernist painting School started during the first decades of the XX century. Diego Rivera, José Clemente Orozco and David Alfaro Siqueiros were the most important artists in the Mexican mural movement. Dr. Atl, Rufino Tamayo, Jorge González Camarena, Roberto Montenegro (pioneer of the movement) and Manuel Rodríguez Lozano made also significant murals. Saturnino Herrán is considered a precursor of this movement.
In 1910, Gerardo Murillo (Dr. Atl) painted the first modern mural in Mexico.
- The 20th century Mexican painting is said to be best represented by Mural Movement. Throughout the 1920s, muralists devoted themselves to producing a large number of significant works in public places, which brought Mexican art to the forefront of the world art arena, and influenced artists worldwide. They drew inspirations from the European Cubism, Surrealism and ancient Indian painting styles, and elaborated on realistic themes of ordinary people's lives, national historic scenes and patriotism. Breaking away from canvas and frame, they wielded brushes on public places with Latin gusto, in hope to bring art closer to more people. Mexican masterpieces
Mural Nacimiento de nuestra nacionalidad. by Rufino Tamayo, 1952.
Arbol de la vida, 1922, by Roberto Montenegro.
Diego Rivera, El reparto de las tierras, 1924.
- Diego, Frida and the Mexican School by Joe Cummings.
- Mexican muralism in the United States and the "portable" fresco by Anna Indych-Lopez.