Museum

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Museum of Science and Industry, Chicago.

A museum is a place or an institution that collects and displays items within one or more subject areas, such as natural science or visual art, usually for the purpose of education.

According to the definition of the International Council of Museums: "A museum is a non-profit making, permanent institution in the service of society and of its development, and open to the public, which acquires, conserves, researches, communicates and exhibits, for purposes of study, education and enjoyment, material evidence of people and their environment."

At present museums are expanding to include virtual exhibits.

The best introduction to art is to stroll through a museum. The more art you see, the more you'll learn to define your own taste. Jeanne Frank (Author).
The only way to understand painting is to go and look at it. And if out of a million visitors there is even one to whom art means something, that is enough to justify museums. Pierre-Auguste Renoir.
Give me a museum and I'll fill it. Pablo Picasso.
The role of a museum of modern art is to make a good selection and identify what we believe to be the coming movements, and that requires taste. David Rockefeller.
It's a lovely experience walking around a museum by yourself. Brad Pitt.

Contents

Types of museums

Sir Lawrence Alma Tadema, A Collection of Pictures at the Time of Augustus, 1867.

Several different types of museums are found throughout the world.

Archaeological museums

Art museums

History museums

Maritime museums

Natural History museums

Open-air museums

Science museums

Virtual museums


Museo del Prado, Spain.
Art Institute of Chicago.
Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Harvard University.
Entrance to the Vatican Museum.

Art Museums around the world

(With links to official homepages of Museums and Galleries)

It is considered that the most important art museums are: Musee du Louvre, Paris, France, Vatican Museums, Vatican City, Rome, Italy, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York, New York, J. Paul Getty Center, Los Angeles, California, Musee d'Orsay, Paris, France, Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy, Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, Tate Modern, London, England (part of the Tate group), Prado Museum, Madrid, Spain, and the National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C. [1]

Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam.
Samuel Palmer, A Dream in the Appenine, ca. 1864, at Tate Britain.
Rembrandt, Christ In The Storm On The Sea Of Galilee; In 1990, this painting was robbed from the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum.
Gustave Boulanger, A Performance of The Flute Player..., 1861, at The Chateau De Versailles.

Also important are (alphabetical index):

3 Highlight paintings at The National Gallery, London.


Jacques-Louis David at the Louvre.

History

Museum of Fine Arts, Boston.
Le Musée de l’Histoire de France, Chateau de Versailles, France.

Originally, museums developed from the collections of rarities and pieces of which many European monarchs and gentlemen assembled in the 16th and 17th centuries. In the 18th century, it became common to put such collections in dedicated suites or buildings and make them accessible to select individuals.

The Capitoline Museums in Rome are a group of art and archaeological museums; it is the oldest public collection of art in the world; it began in 1471 during the Renaissance.

The first museum to offer more general, although still not universal, public access was the British Museum, which was established in 1753. The foundation for the British Museum was the extensive natural scientific and ethnographic collection of the scientist Sir Hans Sloane, who had bequeathed the collection for the purpose of creating such a museum.

The Musée du Louvre opened on 10 August 1793 with a collection of 537 paintings and 184 objects of art. Click for Aujourd'hui selected Masterpieces.


Articles about Museums in Conservapedia

The Louvre, The National Gallery, London, The National Gallery of Art, Washington, D.C., Paul Getty Museum, Metropolitan Museum of Art, British Museum, Musée d'Orsay, American Museum of Natural History, State Hermitage Museum, Tuvia Maizel Museum, National Museum of Natural History.

Rubens El Gran Juicio Final.JPG

The Great Last Judgment, 1617, by Peter Paul Rubens at Alte Pinakothek, Munich, Germany.

See also

Henri Gervex, Portrait Mlle Valtesse de la Bigne, 1879, at the Musée d'Orsay.
Hans Memling, Madonna and Child with Angels, ca. 1480, at The National Gallery of Art, Washington.
Francisco de Goya, Don Manuel Osorio Manrique de Zúñiga, niño, ca. 1787, at The Metropolitan Museum of Art.
Gianlorenzo Bernini, Pluto and Proserpina (The Rape of Proserpina), at Galleria Borghese, Rome.
Willem Kalf, Still life with an Aquamanile Fruit and a Nautilus Cup, ca. 1660, at Museo Thyssen-Bornemisza .

External links

Frank L. Wright, Guggenheim Museum interior.
Uffizi Gallery, Florence.
Natural Maritime Museum, Greenwich.


Albert Bierstadt, The Last of the Buffalo, 1888, at Corcoran Gallery of Art.
Sir Lawrence Alma Tadema, Pompeian Scene or The Siesta, 1868, at Museo del Prado, Madrid.
Philadelphia Museum of Art.


Renoir Monet pintando en su jardín de Argenteuil.jpg

Monet painting in his garden in Argenteuil by Pierre-Auguste Renoir, 1873, at Wadsworth Atheneum Museum of Art, Hartford, CT..




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