Mycenae (in Greek, Mykonos) is the site of a fortified palace complex in southern Greece that controlled a late Bronze Age kingdom. In Homer's epic poems, Mycenae was the base of King Agamemnon, who commanded the Greeks besieging Troy.
Contemporary archaeologists call the complex Greek society of the second millennium B.C. "Mycenanean." Their language was similar to Greek, and their cities were at Athens, Sparta, Thebes, and others. Mycenae had hegemony over most of the Aegean area at the time.
It was the Mycenaean Civilization that fought the famous Trojan War of mythology.
- The Earth and Its Peoples: A Global History, Bulliet et al, 2005.