Negligence is the most significant of all of the torts. The tort of negligence occurs when an individual causes damage to another by a non-deliberate breach of a duty owed to that other.
In other words, negligence is the failure to use care which a reasonable and prudent person would use under similar circumstances.
It must be established that a duty of care is owed by the defendant to the plaintiff and that there has been a breach of that duty. In establishing whether a breach has occurred a court will need to determine the standard of care owed.
The cause of action is not complete unless it is established that the plaintiff has suffered damage as a result of the breach.
A finding of culpable negligence is a determination that the harm due to negligence could have been prevented.
Negligent homicide is a determination that a culpable and deliberate neglect caused preventable death. Deliberate withholding of care for the conscious purpose of ending life is murder. See Terri Schiavo