Ngo Dinh Diem
|Ngo Dinh Diem|
|Vietnamese||Ngô Đình Diệm|
Ngo Dinh Diem (January 3, 1901 – November 2, 1963) was the first president of South Vietnam (1955–1963). Vietnam was part of French Indochina until 1954, when it was split into North Vietnam and South Vietnam.
Diem was a devout Catholic throughout his life.
North Vietnamese desire to unite Vietnam under their rule dogged Diem and his country throughout his leadership.
After Diem oppressed Buddhists, President Kennedy decided to overthrow him. In 1963, South Vietnamese generals with the help of US ambassador Henry Cabot Lodge took over South Vietnam and assassinated him.