Northern Ins. Co. v. Chatham County
In Northern Ins. Co. v. Chatham County, 547 U.S. 189 (2006), a unanimous United States Supreme Court held that where a County has failed to demonstrate that it was acting as an arm of the State when it operated a bridge, the County is not entitled to immunity, under the Eleventh Amendment or a more expansive an expansive arm-of-the-State test, from a lawsuit to recover damages for the County's negligence. In this case a portion of a drawbridge fell and caused $130,000 in damage to a boat passing through, and its insurance company sued to recover its loss.
Justice Clarence Thomas wrote the opinion for the Court.