Open carry

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Open carry laws guarantee the right of citizens to openly carry a gun virtually anywhere, provided they have the right to own a gun. Note that it may be necessary to obtain a permit first.

More than 20% of the United States have open-carry laws:

Contents

Open carry around the world

There are millions of privately owned guns, in the majority of countries (see: List of countries by gun ownership, for details), but national and local gun laws vary widely. In some countries, open carry has a long-standing tradition, is legal, and is still a commonplace sight in rural areas, as part of "strong hunting traditions." But elsewhere, such as in most of Europe except Finland and Switzerland, laws have been enacted to require registration of firearms.[2][3] Social stigma[4][5] is also a factor in Europe, where gun owners are often distrusted by both government leaders and fellow citizens.[6][7][8] Tens of millions of guns are held privately and kept hidden in defiance of registration laws in Europe, with many of them dating back to World War II[9][10]. But, obviously, those cannot be carried publicly or taken to a public shooting range.[11][12]

In some countries, firearms laws are consciously and even contemptuously ignored by the citizenry, who see the right to own and carry firearms as a traditional right that pre-dates the advent of government.[13] The latter is typified in the Philippines[14] and in Yemen[15], where there are millions of unregistered firearms, and where provincial law enforcement officers often make no attempt to enforce national firearms laws, with many considering the laws intrusive and dictatorial.[16][17]

Open carry in Africa

The private ownership and open carry of small arms is commonly seen in a number of African countries including Burundi[18], Chad[19], the Democratic Republic of Congo,[20][21] Eritrea[22], Ethiopia[23], Kenya,[24][25] Mali[26], Niger[27], Rwanda[28][29], Sierra Leone,[30] Somalia,[31] South Africa,[32] Sudan.[33][34], Uganda[35][35], and Zambia[36]. In Somalia, boys as young as nine years old are seen carrying loaded guns.[37] The reasons for the proliferation of arms vary, but often include self-defense, hunting, and protection of livestock.[38][39] In some African countries such as Kenya and Rwanda, owning and carrying guns is done in defiance of national laws.[25]

In some cases villagers carry small arms to protect themselves from marauding bands of soldiers,[40] lions[41], and even against genocide.[42][43]

Open carry in Asia

In Afghanistan weapon ownership is common[44] some of the rural and border states and union territories of India,[45][46][47] Iraq,[48] Israel,[49] Lebanon,[50] Pakistan[51][52] (in flagrant disobedience to the "public display" ban enacted in 2000)[53], Sri Lanka[54], the predominantly Kurdish provinces of Turkey,[55] and Yemen.[15][56] In Iraq, doctors may carry guns for self-protection.[57]

Open carry in Latin America

Open carry of firearms is fairly common, and predominantly a practice of middle and upper class residents in the rural regions of many Central American and South American countries, primarily for self-defense. Doing so is legal in most Latin American jurisdictions, but laws on registration and vehicular carry vary widely. Open carry is rare in cities, where concealed carry is more commonplace. These countries include Brazil,[58] Colombia,[59] Ecuador,[60] El Salvador,[61] Guyana,[62] Honduras,[63] and Nicaragua.[64]

Open carry in Oceania

Some citizens of the Pacific Islands fairly regularly carry guns, usually for self protection and for hunting wild game, including fruit bats. These nations include East Timor[65] (where a ban is in effect, but widely flouted, and a law allowing legal ownership has been proposed)[66], Papua New Guinea[67], the Philippines,[68][69], and the Solomon Islands[70][71]. In East Timor, where somewhere between 100,000 and 200,000 civilians (about one-third of the population) were killed on a genocidal scale, there is a division of opinion. Some idealists want to try to disarm the country, while others see privately-owned firearms as insurance that another invasion and genocide won't be again attempted.[72] The Australian reported "Almost all the ammunition and more than half the firearms of East Timor's national police force are missing. Unaccounted for, according to a security analyst, are more than half the 3,000 Glock 9mm pistols issued to the 3,400-member police force (PNTL), whose authority has ceased to exist in Dili. More than half the PNTL's 400 Steyr assault rifles and Heckler & Koch HK-33 assault rifles, 160 of 200 FNC assault rifles and all F-2000 assault rifles issued to police bodyguard units are also missing." Many of these guns ended up in the hands of gangs, but many others are being held by otherwise law-abiding citizens as "[anti-]genocide insurance."[73] In the Philippines, some news reporters carry guns.[74]

See Also

References

  1. Formerly described as a "rural" open carry state, due to restrictions. An open carry bill in 2010 passed that made all open carry illegal.
  2. http://www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/the-killing-fields-europes-hunting-season-begins-861133.html
  3. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2007/04/29/AR2007042900133.html
  4. http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/112417623/abstract?CRETRY=1&SRETRY=0
  5. http://cat.inist.fr/?aModele=afficheN&cpsidt=15693719M
  6. http://www.nytimes.com/2007/11/29/world/europe/29iht-29union.4.8530991.html?_r=1
  7. http://lawreview.wustl.edu/inprint/75-3/753-4.html,
  8. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-492612/Your-guns-violent-Remembrance-Day-mayor-tells-rifle-regiment.html
  9. http://www.smallarmssurvey.org/files/sas/publications/year_b_pdf/2003/2003SASCh2_full_en.pdf
  10. http://www.guardian.co.uk/commentisfree/2009/dec/31/finland-shooting-gun-laws
  11. http://www.examner.com/x-536-Civil-Liberties-Examiner~y2008m12d22-Gun-laws-and-crime-rates-dont-always-mix-the-way-you-expect
  12. http://www.ekathimerini.com/4dcgi/_w_articles_politics_100014_16/08/2005_59656
  13. http://www.al-bab.com/yemen/artic/gdn30.htm
  14. http://www.abs-cbnnews.com/views-and-analysis/07/16/09/guns-galore-miriam-coronel-ferrer
  15. 15.0 15.1 http://www.arabinsight.org/aiarticles/182.pdf
  16. http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/MAN480485.htm
  17. "Gun ban in Yemen ineffective" UPI online edition
  18. http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/vol15no4/154arms.htm,
  19. http://select.nytimes.com/2006/11/14/opinion/14kristof.html?_r=1
  20. "An African village’s armed self defense story" exainer.com
  21. http://www.pbs.org/frontlineworld/rough/2007/08/congo_on_the_trgen.html
  22. http://www.awate.com/portal/content/view/926/2/
  23. http://www.jamestown.org/single/?no_cache=1&tx_ttnews%5Btt_news%5D=35148&tx_ttnews%5BbackPid%5D=7&cHash=83faf38f19
  24. http://www.afrika.no/Detailed/10361.html
  25. 25.0 25.1 http://allafrica.com/stories/200804250081.html
  26. http://www.un.org/ecosocdev/geninfo/afrec/vol15no4/154arms.htm
  27. http://www.the-diplomat.com/article.aspx?aeid=3608
  28. "Arms Transfers and Trafficking in Africa" www.defense-aerospace.com
  29. http://www.travelblog.org/Africa/Rwanda/Province-du-Sud/blog-274047.html
  30. http://content.undp.org/go/newsroom/choices-choosing-development-over-guns-in-sierra-leone-2004-12.en;jsessionid=ax8XXhk63Co_?categoryID=349627&lang=en
  31. http://huwu.org/webcast/pdfs/wc969.pdf
  32. http://www.examner.com/x-1417-Gun-Rights-Examiner~y2009m6d29-South-Africa-gun-owners-get-reprieve
  33. http://newledger.com/2009/07/the-guns-of-sudan/
  34. http://www.globalpolicy.org/component/content/article/206/39700.html,
  35. 35.0 35.1 http://web.africa.ufl.edu/asq/v1/1/3.htm
  36. http://www.globalaging.org/armedconflict/countryreports/africa/war.htm
  37. "Saving Somalia's youth from the gun" Toronto Star online edition
  38. http://www.scribd.com/doc/4684113/The-Scramble-for-Cattle-Power-and-Guns-in-Karamoja
  39. "Earth Report" Television for the Environment and Television Trust for the Environment Web site
  40. http://www.examner.com/x-18149-SelfDefense-Examiner~y2009m8d16-An-African-villages-armed-self-defense-story
  41. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=1022089
  42. http://www.frontline.org.za/books_videos/holocaust_rwanda.htm
  43. http://www.davekopel.com/2a/foreign-gun-control.htm
  44. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2009/08/07/hamid-karzai-ashraf-ghani_n_253812.html
  45. http://www.gulfnews.com/world/India/10342395.html
  46. http://www.rediff.com/news/2007/aug/29gun.htm
  47. http://www.indianexpress.com/news/villagers-pick-up-guns-for-a-road/28418/
  48. http://travel2.nytimes.com/2006/04/03/world/worldspecial/03guns.html?fta=y&pagewanted=print
  49. http://www.fmep.org/reports/archive/vol.-4/no.-3/israels-policy-of-arming-israeli-settlers-endangers-palestinians-in-the-territories
  50. http://www.nowlebanon.com/NewsArticleDetails.aspx?ID=15503
  51. "Pakistani vigilantes take on Taliban" The Christian Science online edition
  52. http://www.islamonline.net/servlet/Satellite?c=Article_C&cid=1248187395098&pagename=Zone-English-News/NWELayout
  53. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/gun-ban-to-quell-violence-in-pakistan-721983.html
  54. http://sundaytimes.lk/080120/Columns/sitreport.html
  55. http://www.vagabondjourney.com/travelogue/2009/03/guns-in-turkish-kurdistan.html
  56. "Yemen's weapon culture" BBC News online edition
  57. "Iraq says doctors can carry guns for protection" msnbc.com
  58. "Brazilians reject gun sales ban" BBC News online edition
  59. http://advocacynet.org/wordpress-mu/rgerome/lang/en-us/blog/2009/07/01/spotlight-on-guns-in-colombia/
  60. http://www.newwest.net/city/article/when_clouds_clear/C8/L8/
  61. http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1109.html
  62. http://guyana360.blogspot.com/2006/08/degeneration-of-guyanese-society.html
  63. http://lagringasblogicito.blogspot.com/2007/02/guns-everywhere.html
  64. http://www.nicaliving.com/node/737
  65. http://www.radioaustralia.net.au/programguide/stories/200811/s2427810.htm
  66. http://www.theaustralian.news.com.au/story/0,25197,23957956-2703,00.html
  67. http://www.islandsbusiness.com/islands_business/index_dynamic/containerNameToReplace=MiddleMiddle/focusModuleID=18815/overideSkinName=issueArticle-full.tpl
  68. http://www.hrsolidarity.net/mainfile.php/2008vol18no04/2667/
  69. http://www.philstar.com/Article.aspx?articleid=481403
  70. http://www.islandsbusiness.com/news/index_dynamic/containerNameToReplace=MiddleMiddle/focusModuleID=130/focusContentID=15815/tableName=mediaRelease/overideSkinName=newsArticle-full.tpl
  71. http://www.highbeam.com/doc/1P1-78567604.html
  72. http://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/papers.cfm?abstract_id=742684
  73. http://www.etan.org/et2006/june/10/06guns.htm
  74. http://www.ajr.org/Article.asp?id=3969
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