Origin science or Origins science studies past singularities rather than present normalities. It focuses on things that are believed only to happened once and, by their nature, are unlikely to happen again. It is more like a forensic science rather than being an empirical science and due to impossibility to repeat past events, it uses analogies between the kinds of cause-effect relationships that we see today. Origin science claims to give only plausible answers rather than definitive ones.[note 1] It tries to study the remaining evidence of past events and measure interpretations by their explanatory power. Origins science "deals with the origin of things in the past—unique, unrepeatable, unobservable events." According to R. Hedtke, it is apparent that explanations for origins are inherently and unavoidably religious and, therefore, destined to be susceptible to adaptations by personal beliefs. Given the metaphysical status of origins research[note 2], it is unlikely that science can unequivocally prove any explanation for origins that would cause it to be universally acceptable.[note 3]
- cf.“Science cannot solve the ultimate mystery of nature. And that is because, in the last analysis, we ourselves are part of nature and therefore part of the mystery that we are trying to solve.” ― Max Planck
- For example, Aubert Daigneault classifies so called ultimate theories of everything as appearing metaphysical in the sense of having no phenomenological basis and enlists the claims of the existence of parallel universes and space-time having more than four dimensions as belonging to this category. He further quotes astrophysicist P.J.E. Peebles who declares with respect to cosmic inflation theory, pertaining to origin research, that it is not tested, and it is not easy to see how it could be falsified.
- cf. "Today we cannot see whether Schrodinger's equation contains frogs, musical composers, or morality--or whether it does not. We cannot say whether something beyond it like God is needed, or not. And so we can all hold strong opinions either way." Richard Feynman
- Marc Ambler (19 May 2015). Evolutionists on the Bible: Philosophical naturalists ‘explain’ the Bible. CMI. Retrieved on May 23, 2015. “The origin of something (like life itself, or of say, parrots or the Milky Way Galaxy) is a once-off event that can never be repeated or observed. No conceivable experiment can establish what that origin was, either.”
- Max Planck (1933). Where is science going?. Allen & Unwin, 217.
- Norman L. Geisler and Ronald M. Brooks (1990). "10. Questions about Science and Evolution", When Skeptics Ask. Victor Books, Baker Books. ISBN 978-0-8010-7164-5. Retrieved on 25.1.2012.
- It's not science by Creation Ministries International
- Naturalism Doesn’t Work
- What is science?
- Marco M. Capria, Aubert Daigneaut et al. (2005). "13.Standard Cosmology and Other Possible Universes", Physics Before and After Einstein. IOS Press, 286, 288. ISBN 1-58603-462-6.
- Randal Hedtke (2010). Secrets of the Sixth Edition. Master Books, 74. ISBN 978-0-89051-597-6.
- Miscellaneous Quotes. Duke University Department of Physics. Retrieved on 20-April-2013. “Richard Feynman in Volume II, Section 41, page 12 of "The Feynman Lectures on Physics", 1964.”