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Palmyra is an ancient city state located in central Syria between Damascus and Deir-Er-Zor. Its name is a Greek translation (Παλμύρα) of the Aramaic Tadmor, meaning palm tree. It was founded on an oasis and became an important stopping point on the Arabian caravan routes. The present ruins are located adjacent to the modern Syrian town of Tadmor. Its most notable ruler was Queen Zenobia.

Already mentioned in historical records as early as 2000 B.C., there are Biblical references to this important place, too: in 2 Chronicles 8:4, we read about King Solomon:

And he built Tadmor in the wilderness, and all the store cities, which he built in Hamath.