Parliamentary Democracy

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A parliamentary democracy is a system of government in which the Parliament is supreme, or the sovereign, and there is no separation of powers or checks and balances.

In a parliamentary democracy representatives are elected by the people either at regular intervals or when the party in power decides to hold elections within a required period of time. The elected representatives then:

  • form a government by their majority vote
  • pass laws by majority vote, typically in both houses of a bicameral Parliament
  • monitor the executive government and public officials in institutions established by the Parliament