Paul Simon is an American singer-songwriter who did some of his most famous musical work in the 1960s, performing in coffeehouses and other small venues with Art Garfunkel. He should not be confused with former Illinois Senator Paul Simon.
Simon formed a duo with Garfunkel called Tom and Jerry in 1957. In the 1960s they renamed their duo Simon and Garfunkel, and recorded many hits including I am a Rock, The Sound of Silence, Homeward Bound, The Boxer, Mrs. Robinson and Bridge Over Troubled Water. In the 1970s the duo broke up over artistic differences, and Simon went on to record such solo hits as Kodachrome, One Trick Pony and 50 Ways to Leave Your Lover. 
In the 1980s Simon made a stir when he travelled to South Africa and recorded with South African musicians such as the group Ladysmith Black Mombazo at a time when the boycott of South Africa made such a move questionable in the eyes of many. However, the resulting album, Graceland, won the 1987 Grammy Award for Album of the Year, and brought recognition to the talents of many unknown native South Africans. 
In 1990, Simon and Garfunkel were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.