|Former U.S. Representative from Illinois's 8th District|
From: January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2005
|Former U.S. Representative from Illinois's 12th District|
From: January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1993
|Former U.S. Representative from Illinois's 13th District|
From: November 25, 1969 – January 3, 1973
|Spouse(s)||Arlene Catherine Johnson|
Crane was a very important member of the conservative movement during a time when is seemed weak. He founded the Republican Study Committee in the 1970s, which was intended to empower conservative Representatives. In addition, Crane served as the chairman of the American Conservative Union from 1977 to 1979. He was the first Republican to declare his candidacy for president in 1980, thinking that Ronald Reagan would not run. After Reagan did declare his candidacy, Crane withdrew and endorsed Reagan.
Despite Crane's prominent role, as he became older, as younger conservatives took his place in the House, and as his Illinois district became more liberal, his influence faded. He was defeated by Democrat Melissa Bean in 2004. He died on November 8, 2014.
- Langer, Emily (November 10, 2014). Philip M. Crane, Stalwart Illinois Republican and 1980 Presidential Candidate, Dies at 84. The Washington Post. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
- Keene, David (November 10, 2014). Phil Crane, a positive force of modern conservatism. The Washington Times. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
- Longtime Rep. Phil Crane dies at 84. POLITICO (and AP). November 9, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2016.
- Profile in the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress