Philip Jaffe was a secret Communist (and “devoted Stalinist”), an executive in the greeting-card business and the editor of the magazine Amerasia. He had been intimate with Earl Browder, who had singled him out to influence American public opinion on the side of Chinese Communist Party (CCP).
He began his mission in 1934 with a magazine called China Today, with a letter on its inside front cover signed Yours for a Soviet China by Malcolm Cowley, then pro-Communist literary reviewer of the New Republic.
In 1937, Jaffe appeared prominently in a periodical publication called Amerasia. It continued in existence until 1945, when Jaffe pled guilty to "conspiracy to embezzle, steal and purloin" government property in the Amerasia case, after being caught on FBI surveillance receiving confidential U.S. government documents from State Department official John Stewart Service. On April 19, 1945, at D.C.'s Statler Hotel, "Service, according to the microphone surveillance, apparently gave Jaffe a document which dealt with matters the Chinese had furnished to the United States government in confidence."
- Philip Jaffe, The Amerasia Case from 1945 to the Present (New York: Philip J. Jaffe, 1979), p. 1
- Jonathan Mirsky, “In Whose Service?” The Wall Street Journal, December 20, 2009
- "The Strange Case of Amerasia," Time, Monday, June 12, 1950
- Report of the United States Senate Subcommittee on the Investigation of Loyalty of State Department Employees, 1950, Vol. 2, appendix, p. 2051