Project Apollo

From Conservapedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Apollo 17 on the launchpad.

Project Apollo began when United States President John F. Kennedy proposed that America put a man on the Moon by the end of the 1960s. In 1969 his dream came true with Apollo 11 when Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. However, this success was not without costs. Less than a year later, the aborted mission Apollo 13 almost resulted in the death of the crewmembers. Only extraordinary measures by the flight team on the ground and in the spacecraft prevented it from becoming a tragedy. But tragedy was not fully avoided; three astronauts, Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee, had been killed three years earlier in a fire on Apollo 1 while the rocket was on the launch pad.

Beginning with Apollo 15, a small electric car was used to transport the astronauts across the surface of the moon. A total of twelve men walked on the moon, but after Apollo 17 in 1972, the program came to an end. The Saturn 5 booster constructed for Apollo 18 carried Skylab, America's first space station, into orbit.

Project Apollo Designation Mission Mission Start Date Mission End Date
SA-1 The first test flight of the Saturn 1 rocket. October 27, 1961 October 27, 1961
SA-2 The second test flight of the Saturn 1 rocket. April 25, 1962 April 25, 1962
SA-3 The third test flight of the Saturn 1 rocket. November 16, 1962 November 16, 1962
SA-4 The fourth test flight of the Saturn 1 rocket. March 28, 1963 March 28, 1963
QTV The first test flight of the Apollo Little Joe 2 rocket. August 28, 1963 August 28, 1963
Pad Abort Test 1 The first abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. November 7, 1963 November 7, 1963
SA-5 The first test flight of the Block 2 Saturn 1 rocket. January 29, 1964 April 30, 1966
A-001 The second abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. May 13, 1964 May 13, 1964
A-101 The first test flight of the Saturn rocket together with the Apollo spacecraft. May 28, 1964 June 2, 1964
A-102 The second test flight of the Saturn rocket together with the Apollo spacecraft. September 18, 1964 September 22, 1964
A-002 The third abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. December 8, 1964 December 8, 1964
A-103 Launch of the Pegasus A satellite. February 16, 1965 September 17, 1978
A-003 The fourth abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. May 19, 1965 May 19, 1965
A-104 Launch of the Pegasus B satellite. May 25, 1965 November 3, 1979
Pad Abort Test 2 The fifth abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. June 29, 1965 June 29, 1965
A-105 Launch of the Pegasus C satellite. July 30, 1965 August 4, 1969
A-004 The sixth abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. January 20, 1966 January 20, 1966
AS-201 The first test flight of the Saturn 1B rocket. February 26, 1966 February 26, 1966
AS-203 The second test flight of the Saturn 1B rocket. July 5, 1966 July 5, 1966
AS-202 The third test flight of the Saturn 1B rocket. August 25, 1966 August 25, 1966
Apollo 1 Apollo program training exercise. (Failure.) Destroyed on launch pad on January 27, 1967 Destroyed on launch pad on January 27, 1967
Apollo 4 First test flight of the Saturn 5 rocket. November 9, 1967 November 9, 1967
Apollo 5 First test flight of the Apollo Lunar Module. January 22, 1968 January 23, 1968
Apollo 6 Second test flight of the Saturn 5 rocket. April 4, 1968 April 4, 1968
Apollo 7 First 3 man American space mission. October 11, 1968 October 21, 1968
Apollo 8 First human orbit around the moon. December 21, 1968 December 27, 1968
Apollo 9 First manned test flight of the Apollo Lunar Module. March 3, 1969 March 13, 1969
Apollo 10 Second manned test flight of the Apollo Lunar Module. May 18, 1969 May 26, 1969
Apollo 11 First manned moon landing. July 16, 1969 July 24, 1969
Apollo 12 Second manned moon landing. November 14, 1969 November 24, 1969
Apollo 13 Third manned moon landing. (Moon landing failed.) April 11, 1970 April 17, 1970
Apollo 14 Third manned moon landing. January 31, 1971 February 9, 1971
Apollo 15 Fourth manned moon landing. July 26, 1971 August 7, 1971
Apollo 16 Fifth manned moon landing. April 16, 1972 April 27, 1972
Apollo 17 Sixth manned moon landing. December 17, 1972 December 19, 1972
SkyLab 1 Launch of the first American space station. May 14, 1973 July 11, 1979
SkyLab 2 First crew flying to the SkyLab space station. May 5, 1973 June 22, 1973
SkyLab 3 Second crew flying to SkyLab. July 28, 1973 September 25, 1973
SkyLab 4 Third and last crew flying to SkyLab. November 16, 1973 February 8, 1974
Apollo-Soyuz test project Docking of an Apollo with Russian Soyuz spacecraft, meeting of the astronauts of both nations. July 15, 1975 July 24, 1975

Conspiracy Theories

There has been speculation that the Apollo moon landing missions never actually took place, that it was a hoax filmed in a Hollywood studio. Supporting this interpretation is the fact that the American flag placed on the Moon should not wave, though it appears it does. Also, no stars appear in the lunar sky in photographs supposedly taken on the Moon, as they would be expected to do. Moreover, the shadows in the photographs run in different directions, rather than parallel, as if the sun were not the source of light.[1]

NASA denies this, claiming that it can be conclusively demonstrated scientifically that the astronauts really went to the moon, for example, by analyzing the ages and composition of the rocks brought back by the astronauts.[2]

Further more this would require the cooperation of thousands of individuals involved, something highly unlikely due to the potential marketing opportunity for any person who does come forward.

References

  1. http://primeline-america.com/moon-ldg/
  2. , The Great Moon Hoax (NASA)