Project Apollo

From Conservapedia

Jump to: navigation, search
Apollo 17 on the launchpad.

Project Apollo began when United States President John F. Kennedy proposed that America put a man on the Moon by the end of the 1960s. In 1969 his dream came true with Apollo 11 when Neil Armstrong became the first man to walk on the moon. The aborted mission Apollo 13 almost resulted in the death of the crewmembers. Only extraordinary measures by the flight team on the ground and in the spacecraft prevented it from becoming a tragedy. Three astronauts, Virgil "Gus" Grissom, Ed White, and Roger Chaffee, had been killed two years earlier in a fire on Apollo 1 while the rocket was on the launch pad.

Beginning with Apollo 15, a small electric car was used to transport the astronauts across the surface of the moon. A total of twelve men walked on the moon, but after Apollo 17 in 1972, the program came to an end. The Saturn 5 booster constructed for Apollo 18 carried Skylab, America's first space station, into orbit.

Project Apollo Designation Mission Mission Start Date Mission End Date
SA-1 The first test flight of the Saturn 1 rocket. October 27th, 1961 October 27th, 1961
SA-2 The second test flight of the Saturn 1 rocket. April 25th, 1962 April 25th, 1962
SA-3 The third test flight of the Saturn 1 rocket. November 16th, 1962 November 16th, 1962
SA-4 The fourth test flight of the Saturn 1 rocket. March 28th, 1963 March 28th, 1963
QTV The first test flight of the Apollo Little Joe 2 rocket. August 28th, 1963 August 28th, 1963
Pad Abort Test 1 The first abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. November 7th, 1963 November 7th, 1963
SA-5 The first test flight of the Block 2 Saturn 1 rocket. January 29th, 1964 April 30, 1966
A-001 The second abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. May 13th, 1964 May 13th, 1964
A-101 The first test flight of the Saturn rocket together with the Apollo spacecraft. May 28th, 1964 June 2nd, 1964
A-102 The second test flight of the Saturn rocket together with the Apollo spacecraft. September 18th, 1964 September 22nd, 1964
A-002 The third abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. December 8th, 1964 December 8th, 1964
A-103 Launch of the Pegasus A satellite. February 16th, 1965 September 17th, 1978
A-003 The fourth abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. May 19th, 1965 May 19th, 1965
A-104 Launch of the Pegasus B satellite. May 25th, 1965 November 3rd, 1979
Pad Abort Test 2 The fifth abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. June 29th, 1965 June 29th, 1965
A-105 Launch of the Pegasus C satellite. July 30th, 1965 August 4th, 1969
A-004 The sixth abort test of the Apollo spacecraft. January 20th, 1966 January 20th, 1966
AS-201 The first test flight of the Saturn 1B rocket. February 26th, 1966 February 26th, 1966
AS-203 The second test flight of the Saturn 1B rocket. July 5th, 1966 July 5th, 1966
AS-202 The third test flight of the Saturn 1B rocket. August 25th, 1966 August 25th, 1966
Apollo 1 Apollo program training exercise. (Failure.) Destroyed on launch pad on January 27th, 1967 Destroyed on launch pad on January 27th, 1967
Apollo 4 First test flight of the Saturn 5 rocket. November 9th, 1967 November 9th, 1967
Apollo 5 First test flight of the Apollo Lunar Module. January 22nd, 1968 January 23rd, 1968
Apollo 6 Second test flight of the Saturn 5 rocket. April 4th, 1968 April 4th, 1968
Apollo 7 First 3 man American space mission. October 11th, 1968 October 21nd, 1968
Apollo 8 First human orbit around the moon. December 21st, 1968 December 27th, 1968
Apollo 9 First manned test flight of the Apollo Lunar Module March 3rd, 1969 March 13th, 1969
Apollo 10 Second manned test flight of the Apollo Lunar Module May 18th, 1969 May 26th, 1969
Apollo 11 First manned moon landing. July 16th, 1969 July 24th, 1969
Apollo 12 Second manned moon landing. November 14th, 1969 November 24th, 1969
Apollo 13 Third manned moon landing. (Failure.) April 11th, 1970 April 17th, 1970
Apollo 14 Third manned moon landing. January 31st, 1971 February 9th, 1971
Apollo 15 Fourth manned moon landing July 26th, 1971 August 7th, 1971
Apollo 16 Fifth manned moon landing April 16, 1972 April 27th, 1972
Apollo 17 Sixth manned moon landing December 17th, 1972 December 19th, 1972

Conspiracy Theories

There has been speculation that the Apollo moon landing missions never actually took place, that it was a hoax filmed in a Hollywood studio. Supporting this interpretation is the fact that the American flag placed on the Moon should not wave, though it appears it does. Also, no stars appear in the lunar sky in photographs supposedly taken on the Moon, as they would be expected to do. Moreover, the shadows in the photographs run in different directions, rather than parallel, as if the sun were not the source of light. [1]

NASA denies this, claiming that it can be conclusively demonstrated scientifically that the astronauts really went to the moon, for example, by analyzing the ages and composition of the rocks brought back by the astronauts. [2]

Further more this would require the cooperation of thousands of individuals involved, something highly unlikely due to the potential marketing opportunity for any person who does come forward

References

  1. http://primeline-america.com/moon-ldg/
  2. , The Great Moon Hoax (NASA)
Personal tools