Propitiation

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Propitiation in ordinary usages means to placate an angry person.

In its religious usage, propitiation extends to sin, such that it acts as retribution for sin. It is from the Latin word "propitiare", which means "to render favorable."

The meaning of propitiation in Christianity is the atonement by Christ of the sins of mankind.

In the Epistle to the Hebrews, the author (possibly Jesus himself) explained:[1]

Therefore he [Jesus] had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people.

Romans and 1 John also refer to propitiation by Jesus of our sins.

References

  1. Hebrews 2:17 (ESV)
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