Protectorate Treaty of 1904
The Protectorate Treaty of 1904 (Japanese: 日韓議定書 Nikkan Giteisho; Hangul: 한일의정서 Hanil Uijeongseo), also referred to as the "First Japan-Korea Agreement", was signed between the Empires of Japan and Korea on 22 August 1904.
Following the outbreak of the Russo-Japanese War in February 1904, with Japan attacking Russian forces at Lushun and Inchon, the Korean peninsula, despite declaring itself neutral, became a battleground for the two combatants. Based on the strength of their forces in the country, Japan forced the Korean authorities to sign the "Korea-Japanese Agreement Letter" on 23 February 1904. This letter permitted Japan to use any facilities, at any time, on the Korean peninsula, to further its war strategies.
At the same time, Japan began drawing up plans for the colonisation of Korea, which resulted in the First Korea-Japan Agreement being signed on 22 August 1904. Amongst the articles listed in the Agreement, the Korean government was required to employ a Japanese financial adviser, appointed by Japan. In addition, Korea was required to consult with, and receive approval from, the Japanese authorities before concluding any treaties with foreign governments.
This treaty was later stated as being "already null and void" in Article II of the Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea, which was signed on 22 June 1965.
Full Text of the Agreement
|“|| Protocol Signed Between Korea and Japan
22 August 1904
YI, CHI-YONG (Seal)
- Eulsa Treaty
- Japan-Korea Annexation Treaty of 1907
- Japan Korea Annexation Treaty
- Treaty on Basic Relations between Japan and the Republic of Korea