Queen Liliuokalani

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Queen Lydia Liliuokalani was born on September 2, 1838 in Honolulu and died in 1917. She was the last monarch of the Hawaiian Islands taking the throne after the death of her brother in 1891. She attempted to restore power to the monarchy by drafting her own constitution and installing dictatorial rule. The business community rose up and overthrew her; her army did not interfere, but the local American diplomat gave some support.

Liliuokalani wrote the famous farewell song "Aloha Oe".

The new government wanted to join the United States and President Benjamin Harrison agreed; Harrison's term expired before the Senate approved the treaty, and the new president Grover Cleveland withdrew it. Cleveland sent James Henderson Blount to the islands to investigate the overthrow of the monarchy. Blount, a Southern politician with no diplomatic experience, did a poor job for his mind was made up (like Cleveland's) that the U.S. should not annex the islands with non-white majority. Blount failed to swear in witnesses, and refused to speak to the leaders of the revolution. Cleveland released the Blount Report which blamed the entire upheal on a secret American plot to invade Hawaii. Congress decided to take up the matter and a bipartisan team went to work interviewing the participants including those that Blount refused to contact. They found that the United States had no role in the revolution. Nevertheless, to this day the Blount Report is cited by Hawaiian separatists.

In 1898, Hawaii was annexed to the United States with the backing of its people.