Right to work

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A right to work law is a provision enacted by a state under Section 14(b) of the federal Taft Hartley Act prohibiting collective bargaining agreements from establishing a "closed shop" where all employees must belong to a union. These laws generally permit an "agency shop" where employees who benefit from a collective bargaining agreement must pay a fair share of negotiating that contract.

"A Right to Work law secures the right of employees to decide for themselves whether or not to join or financially support a union. ... The National Right to Work Committee advocates that every individual must have the right, but must not be compelled, to join a labor union."[1] On February 12, 2016, West Virginia became the 26th state to enact a right to work law.

  • Indiana passed a right-to-work law in February 2012. Previously, Democrat legislators had pulled the stunt of leaving the state in order to block a Republican bill that would have prohibited requiring workers to pay union dues as a condition of employment. [1]
  • Michigan, once a unions stronghold, became the 24th right-to-work state in March 2013 (enacted by the legislature at the end of 2012)

See also


  1. Right to Work States. Retrieved on April 30, 2016.

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