Robert C. Grier
|Robert C. Grier|
|Former Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court|
From: August 4, 1846 – January 31, 1870
|Nominator||James K. Polk|
Robert Cooper Grier (March 5, 1794 – September 25, 1870) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Grier, after being lobbied by President James Buchanan, ruled with the majority in Dred Scott v. Sanford - holding that African American were never intended to be citizens under the Constitution. Grier supported President Abraham Lincoln's action in the Prize cases - where the Union had seized Confederate ships under Lincoln's order without a declaration of war. Grier wrote: ""The [p]resident was bound to meet [the Civil War] in the shape it presented itself, without waiting for the Congress to baptize it with a name; and no name given to it by him or them could change the fact."