Robert Owen (May, 14th 1771-1858) was a Welsh philosopher who was one of the leading supporters of the idea of "Utopian Socialism" led by Charles Fourier. He founded the ideal community of New Lanark, Lanarkshire, Scotland.
- Owen promoted a movement for social reform. He considered that, since people are products of the environment, if the environment is improved, people will be improved as well, and a happy society will be realized. In order to actualize that ideal, Owen moved to the United States and constructed the New Harmony society of cooperatives in Indiana. That effort, however, ended in failure due to internal divisions among co-workers. 
- ↑ The New American Desk Encyclopedia, Penguin Group, 1989