Schutztruppe were the German defence troops in Africa from the late 1800s to 1918. The army consisted of European officers, field commanders, and medics, with the regular troopers drawn from the local population.
There were three separate Schutztruppe command chains, one each for the west, east, and southwest German colonies in Africa.
West African Schutztruppe
East African Schutztruppe
The East African Division had 14 companies totaling 2500 men. The East African Division was headquartered in Dar es Salaam.
Southwest African Schutztruppe
The Southwest African Schutztruppe consisted of twelve companies totalling 1,500 men. A single unit of non-local unit was raised as tensions between the Germans and the Africans grew so high that local Africans would not sign up. Soldiers from as far away as Germany and Austria served in the Southwest African Schutztruppe.
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