Second Battle of Independence

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Second Battle of Independence
Began:

October 22, 1864

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Jackson County, Missouri

Theater:

Trans-Mississippi Theater

Campaign:

Price’s Missouri Expedition

Outcome:

Confederate victory

33 star flag.png
Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Provisional cavalry division

Fagan and Marmaduke’s Divisions,
Army of Missouri

Commanders

Alfred Pleasonton
Major General, USA

James Fagan
Brigadier General, CSA
John S. Marmaduke
Brigadier General, CSA

Strength

22,000

8,500

Casualties

140

  

Maj. Gen. Sterling Price’s army rode west in the direction of Kansas City. On the night of the 21st, he camped at Independence and resumed his westward march the next morning with Brig. Gen. Joe Shelby’s division in the lead followed by Brig. Gen. John S. Marmaduke’s division, with Brig. Gen. James Fagan’s division bringing up the rear. While Shelby’s men met success at Byram’s Ford, the other two columns did not fare as well. Maj. Gen. Alfred Pleasonton’s Union force crossed the Little Blue, beat up a Rebel brigade in Fagan’s command, and occupied Independence. Marmaduke’s division then met Pleasonton about two miles west of Independence, hit the Federals hard, pressed them back, and held them at bay until the morning of the 23rd. Pleasonton’s actions, however, frightened Price and his army, and influenced them, after they had crossed the Big Blue, to send their wagon trains to Little Santa Fe on the Fort Scott Road. (NPS summary)

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