Second Battle of Kernstown

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Second Battle of Kernstown
Began:

July 24, 1864

Ended:

Same day

Location:

Frederick County and Winchester, Virginia

Theater:

Eastern Theater

Campaign:

Early’s Raid and Operations against the B&O Railroad

Outcome:

Confederate victory

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Combatants
Conf Navy Jack.png

Army of West Virginia

Army of the Valley

Commanders

George R. Crook
Brigadier General, USA

Jubal A. Early
Lieutenant General, CSA

Strength

10,000

13,000

Casualties

1,200

600

  

Believing that Early’s army was no longer a threat in the Valley, Maj. Gen. Horatio Wright abandoned his pursuit and ordered the VI and XIX Corps to return to Washington, where they were to be sent to Grant’s “army group” before Petersburg. Wright left Brig. Gen. George Crook with three divisions and some cavalry to hold Winchester. Under orders to prevent reinforcements from being sent to Grant, Early marched north on July 24 against Crook. After an hour of stubborn resistance at Pritchard’s Hill, the Federal line collapsed and Crook’s divisions streamed back in disarray through the streets of Winchester. Col. James Mulligan commanding Crook’s 3rd Division was mortally wounded. Rutherford B. Hayes commanded a brigade against John C. Breckinridge’s wing. Crook retreated to the Potomac River and crossed near Williamsport on July 26. As a result of this defeat and the burning of Chambersburg, Pennsylvania, on July 30, Grant returned the VI and XIX Corps and appointed Sheridan as commander of Union forces in the Valley. (NPS summary)

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